What Is Happening in Miami?

  • Kathleen Sullivan Sealey
  • Ray King Burch
  • P.-M. Binder
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


Miami has been the center of recent discussions of sea level rise and its economic and environmental effects, but flooding events have always been part of Miami’s urban history. Much of the metropolitan mainland area was built upon lands reclaimed from the freshwater Everglades while significant portions of the coastal area are situated on land that was raised, or reclaimed, from Biscayne Bay. This Chapter describes how periodic hurricanes and nuisance flooding are reminders of the risks associated with selecting a location to build.


Coastal wetlands Everglades restoration Sea level rise Miami flooding 


  1. Miami Dade County, FL. 2009 Miami Dade County Facts 2009: A Compendium of Selected Statistics. In: SECTION, P. R. (ed.). 111 NW 1st Street, Suite 1220, Miami, Florida 33128–1972: Miami Dade County Department of Planning and Zoning.Google Scholar
  2. ABEL, N., GORDDARD, R., HARMAN, B., LEITCH, A., LANGRIDGE, J., RYAN, A. & HEYENGA, S. 2011. Sea level rise, coastal development and planned retreat: analytical framework, governance principles and an Australian case study. Environmental Science & Policy, 14, 279–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ARNAS, P. & PRANAS, M. 2013. Mainstreaming Natural Capital into Decisions: Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services. Social Technologies Research Journal, 3(1). Google Scholar
  4. BEACH, D. & PEW OCEANS, C. 2002. Coastal sprawl: the effects of urban design on aquatic ecosystems in the United States, Arlington, VA, Pew Oceans Commission.Google Scholar
  5. BRODY, S. D., HIGHFIELD, W. E. & KANG, J. E. 2011. Rising waters: the causes and consequences of flooding in the United States, Cambridge; New York, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CLARKE, A. L., CONLEY, D. J., ANDERSON, N. J., DE JONGE, V. N., JUGGINS, S., KORHOLA, A., TELFORD, R. J., SÖDERTÖRNS, H. & INSTITUTIONEN FÖR, L. 2006. Long-Term Trends in Eutrophication and Nutrients in the Coastal Zone. Limnology and Oceanography, 51, 385–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DIAZ, R. J. & ROSENBERG, R. 2008. Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 926–929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. GIEGENGACK, R. & FOSTER, K. R. 2006. Physical constrantis on reconstructing New Orleans. In: BIRCH, E. L. & WACHTER, S. M. (eds.) Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  9. GOODELL, J. 2013. Goodbye Miami: Why the city of Miami is doomed to drown. Rolling Stone. Google Scholar
  10. GRUNWALD, M. 2006. The swamp, New York : Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  11. KRIS, C. 2002. Land-use reforms required to preserve coastal ecosystems, report finds. Water Environment & Technology, 14, 25.Google Scholar
  12. MACGIEHAN, N. & UNITED, S. 1953. Construction financing for home builders, Washington, Housing and Home Finance Agency, Division of Housing Research.Google Scholar
  13. MANHEIM, U. L. 1954. The Florida Everglades : their farming prospects the future land use pattern of the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, Coral Gables, Fla. : [publisher not identified].Google Scholar
  14. MCCARTHY, K. F., HANSON, M. & RAND, C. 2008. Post-Katrina recovery of the housing market along the Mississippi Gulf Coast, Santa Monica, CA, RAND Gulf States Policy Institute.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MCCLUNEY, W. R. 1971. What you can do to stop the environmental destruction of South Florida: A handbook for citizens, Coral Gables, Florida, University of Miami Press.Google Scholar
  16. RADELOFF, V. C., BUTSIC, V., LONSDORF, E., WHITE, D., POLASKY, S., NELSON, E., PLANTINGA, A. J., LEWIS, D. J., HELMERS, D., LAWLER, J. J., WITHEY, J. C., BEAUDRY, F. & MARTINUZZI, S. 2012. Economic-based projections of future land use in the conterminous United States under alternative policy scenarios. Ecological Applications, 22, 1036–1049.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. RUVIN, H., MURLEY, J., ENFIELD, D., FAIN, E., SARA, FAIR, T. W., GONZALEZ, J., MILIAN, A., HEFTY, N. & SOTO, E. I. 2014. Miami-Dade Sea Level Rise Task Force Report and Recommendations. In: HARVEY RUVIN, T. F. C. (ed.) South FLorida Climate Compact Miami, FLorida: Miami Dade County Office of Sustainability.Google Scholar
  18. SEWELL, J. 1987. Miami memoirs, Miami, Fla.: A. Parks Tulsa, Okla.: Lion & Thorne.Google Scholar
  19. SOLECKI, W. D., LONG, J., HARWELL, C. C., MYERS, V., ZUBROW, E., ANKERSEN, T., DEREN, C., FEANNY, C., HAMANN, R., HORNUNG, L., MURPHY, C. & SNYDER, G. 1999. Human–environment interactions in South Florida’s Everglades region: Systems of ecological degradation and restoration. Urban Ecosystems, 3, 305–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. STEVENSON, J. R., EMRICH, C. T., MITCHELL, J. T. & CUTTER, S. L. 2010. Using Building Permits to Monitor Disaster Recovery: A Spatio-Temporal Case Study of Coastal Mississippi Following Hurricane Katrina. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 37, 57–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. UNITED STATES. CONGRESS. HOUSE. COMMITTEE ON RESOURCES. SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL, P. & PUBLIC, L. 1999. Issues regarding Everglades National Park and surrounding areas impacted by management of the Everglades : oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands of the Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, first session, April 27, 1999, Washington, DC, United States.Google Scholar
  22. VICKERS, R. B. 2007. Panic in Paradise: Florida’s Banking Crash of 1926, University Alabama Press.Google Scholar
  23. WANLESS, H. R. (2017). The Coming reality of Sea Level Rise: Too Fast Too Soon. Summary of Presentation. Geological Sciences. University of Miami. Coral Gables, FL.Google Scholar
  24. WILHELM, C. 2016. Conservatives in the Everglades: Sun Belt environmentalism and the creation of Everglades National Park.(Essay). Journal of Southern History, 82, 823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. WILKINSON, J. 2017. Welcome to “1935 Labor Day Hurricane” [Online]. Keys CyberMuseum. Available: [Accessed 7 June 2017].
  26. YOUNG, R. S., THIELER, E. R. & PILKEY, O. H. 1993. Opinion: Geologic and oceanographic factors mitigating the storm surge and flood damage of Hurricane Andrew in South Florida. Geology (Boulder), 21, 99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen Sullivan Sealey
    • 1
  • Ray King Burch
    • 2
  • P.-M. Binder
    • 3
  1. 1.The University of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.Financial AnalystHonoluluUSA
  3. 3.College of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resource ManagementUniversity of HawaiiHiloUSA

Personalised recommendations