Advertisement

Possible Use of Water Areas by Disabled People

  • Pavla KotáskováEmail author
  • Jitka Fialová
  • Mariana Jakubisová
  • Miloslav Šlezingr
  • Pavlína Procházková
Chapter
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 86)

Abstract

People with reduced mobility have specific needs regarding their access to areas within the landscape. This follows not only from the findings of a questionnaire survey, but also from the experience with designing barrier-free buildings and their surroundings, where for example in the Czech Republic, it is necessary to respect Decree no. 398/2009, on general technical requirements for barrier-free use of buildings. This chapter presents the basic parameters for designing roads in the countryside as well as recreational areas and access roads to water bodies, view points, fishing places or just water. Stable banks need to be selected for access to water bodies. The bank stability can be enhanced by means of biotechnical modifications. Examples from Slovakia and the Czech Republic show that pleasant places accessible for all can be created also in the vicinity of water bodies if a universal design is used in which persons with reduced mobility are considered.

Keywords

Wheelchair users Surface Fishing Swimming Trails for disabled people Universal design 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The chapter was created with support of the project Trails for disabled people in the V4 countries (International Visegrad Fund’s Small Grant No. 11510242) and with financial support of the Internal Grant Agency of the Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, project No. LDF PSV 2016016 Making forest accessible in the changing social requirements and conditions and project No. LDF PSV 2016002 Minimizing losses forest and agricultural land due to erosion and abrasion processes in the landscape. We would like to thank ALTECH company for providing us with the picture used in this chapter.

References

  1. Act No. 317/2010 Coll. ratifying the UN convention on the rights of persons with disabilitiesGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonovičová M (2014) Přístupnost veřejného prostředí ve Švédsku. Smart Cities. [on line]. [cit. 2016-12-10]. Dostupné z: http://www.scmagazine.cz/casopis/04-14/pristupnost-verejneho-prostredi-ve-svedsku?locale=cs
  3. Axelson PW, Chesney D (1999) Accessible exterior surfaces: technical article. Santa Cruz, California, p 16Google Scholar
  4. Bazénový zvedák Delfín—ALTECH [online]. [cit. 2017-06-06]. Dostupné z: http://www.altech.cz/produkty/bazenovy-zvedak/bazenovy-zvedak-delfin/
  5. Calkins M (2009) Materials for sustainable sites: a complete guide to the evaluation, selection and use of sustainable construction materials. I. Title. Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey. ISBN 978-0-470-13455-9Google Scholar
  6. Communication from the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs (MZV) of the Slovak Republic No. 317/2010 convention on the rights of persons with disabilitiesGoogle Scholar
  7. Decree Nr. 398/2009 Coll, on general technical requirements for the use of buildings by persons with reduced mobility and orientationGoogle Scholar
  8. Decree of the Ministry of Environment (MŽP) of the Slovak Republic No. 532/2002 Coll. specifying details of general technical requirements for construction and general technical requirements for structures utilized by persons with limited movement and orientation abilitiesGoogle Scholar
  9. Decree of the Ministry of Interior (MV) of the Slovak Republic No. 9/2009 Coll. implementing the Act on Road Traffic and amending and supplementing certain acts, as amendedGoogle Scholar
  10. Filipiová, D. (2002) Projektujeme bez bariér. Ministerstvo práce a sociálních věcí, Praha 2002, 104 s., ISBN 80-86552-18-7Google Scholar
  11. Hrůza P (2015) Využití lesní cestní sítě a směřování zpřístupňování lesa v České republice pro osoby se sníženou pohyblivostí. In Chodníky pre telesne postihnutých ľudí na vozíku v krajinách V4. 1. vyd. Zvolen: Technická univerzita vo Zvolene, 2015, s. 53–61. ISBN 978-80-228-2757-7Google Scholar
  12. Jakubis M, Jakubisová M (2012) Proposal of educational-touristic polygon in Račkova valley (West Tatras) in Tatras National Park. In: Fialová J (ed) Public recreation and landscape protection—hand in hand. Conference proceedings. Mendelova univerzita v Brně, Brno, pp 58–62Google Scholar
  13. Jakubis M (2013) Torrent as an important component of recreational and touristic potential of the landscape. In: Fialová J, Kubíčková H (eds) Public recreation and landscape protection—with man hand in hand. Conference proceeding. MUB Facultas Silviculturae et Technologiae Ligni, Brno, pp 216–220. ISBN 978-80-7375-746-5. Online: http://www.utok.cz/sites/default/files/data/USERS/u24/2013_RaOP.pdf
  14. Jakubis M (2014) Historical water reservoirs in the region of Banská Štiavnica and the possibilities of their recreational, tourist and educational utilization. In: Fialová J (ed) Public recreation and landscape—with man hand in hand, Conference Proceeding. Mendel University, Brno, pp 132–136. Online: http://www.utok.cz/sites/default/files/data/USERS/u24/2014_RaOP_1st%20part.pdf
  15. Jakubisová M (2014) The proposal of recreational and educational trail for disabled people in wheelchair around the historical water reservoir Počúvadlo. In: Fialová J (ed) Public recreation and landscape—with man hand in hand, Conference Proceeding. Mendel University, Brno, pp 288–295. Online: http://www.utok.cz/sites/default/files/data/USERS/u24/2014_RaOP_2nd%20part.pdf
  16. Jakubisová a kol (2015) Chodníky pre telesne postihnutých ľudí na vozíku v krajinách V4. Zborník príspevkov zo seminára s medzinárodnou účasťou, Technická univerzita vo Zvolene, Zvolen 2015, 163 s. ISBN 978-80-228-2757-7. Online: http://www.tuzvo.sk/files/3_7_OrganizacneSucasti/ABH/zbornik-vedeckych-prac_seminar-trails_abh-2015.pdf
  17. Junek J, Fialová J (2012) Prezentace a zpřístupnění chráněných území osobám s tělesným a pohybovým omezením - Bez bariér v národních parcích TANAP a PIENAP. In: Fialová J (ed) Public recreation and landscape protection—hand in hand. 1. vyd. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, s. 63–68. ISBN 978-80-7375-611-6Google Scholar
  18. Juško V (2015) Technické parametre líniových trás pre pohybovo hendikepované osoby na Slovensku. In Chodníky pre telesne postihnutých ľudí na vozíku v krajinách V4. 1. vyd. Zvolen: Technická univerzita vo Zvolene, 2015, s. 41–52. ISBN 978-80-228-2757-7Google Scholar
  19. Kotásková P (2015) Technické požadavky na dřevostavbu rodinného domu bez bariér pro osoby se sníženou schopností pohybu. Stavební partner. 2015. sv. II, č. 2, s. 12–17. ISSN 1805-5958. Online: http://partnerstvi-stavebnictvi.msdk.cz/emagazin/2015-02
  20. Kotásková P, Hrůza P (2013) Bridges and footbridges in the landscape environment for recreational and tourist use. In: Fialová J, Kubíčková H (eds) Public recreation and landscape protection—with man hand in hand. 1. vyd. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, 2013, s. 14–18. ISBN 978-80-7375-746-5Google Scholar
  21. Loučková K, Fialová J (2010) The study of the nature trail equipped by the exercise elements for disabled people and seniors. [CD-ROM]. In: Colloquium of landscape management. ISBN 978-80-7375-397-9Google Scholar
  22. Lundell Y, Rolison N, Wennerberg A (2005) Access to the forest for disabled people. Skogsstyrelsens fӧrlag, Jӧnkӧping. ISSN 1100-0295Google Scholar
  23. Mezera A (1956) Stanovištně typologický přehled lesních rostlinných společenstev/Mezera - Mráz – Samek. Brandýs nad Labem: Lesoprojekt. 92 p. + tablesGoogle Scholar
  24. Ondrejka Harbuľáková V, Zeleňáková M (2013a) Technical measures of riverbank stabilization in engineering practice, In: Visnik: Teoria i praktika budovnictva. No 756, pp 200–206, ISSN 0321-0499Google Scholar
  25. Ondrejka Harbuľáková V, Zeleňáková M (2013b) Riverbank stabilization as flood protection measures, In: Hydrologic risks—flood and droughts, Košice: TU, pp 140–151, ISBN 978-80-553-1492-1Google Scholar
  26. Přehled revírů: Revíry vhodné pro handicapované rybáře. Český rybářský svaz. Online: https://www.rybsvaz.cz/?page=reviry%2Fztp%2Fztp&lang=cz&typ=mpr&id_svaz=&moznosti_rybolovu_prehled=ztp#zalozka
  27. Resolution ResAP (2007)3 Achieving full participation through universal designGoogle Scholar
  28. Šlezingr M (1998) Brněnská přehrada a lidé kolem ní. VUT – FAST, Brno, 84 s. ISBN:80–214-1127-9Google Scholar
  29. Šlezingr M (2004) Břehová abraze. Příspěvek k problematice zajištění stability břehů. CERM, Brno. ISBN 80-7204-342-0Google Scholar
  30. Šlezingr M, Lichtneger P (2011) Selection criteria for designing of deciduous species as part of bankside trees and shrubs [CD-ROM]. In: Colloquium on landscape management. ISBN 978-80-7375-518-8Google Scholar
  31. Slovakian Technical Norm 73 6101 Design of roads and motorwaysGoogle Scholar
  32. Slovakian Technical Norm 73 6108 Forest transportation networkGoogle Scholar
  33. Slovakian Technical Norm 73 6110 Design of local roadsGoogle Scholar
  34. Technical Parameters 10/2011 Technical conditions—design of debarrierization measures for persons with reduced mobility and orientation on roadsGoogle Scholar
  35. The principles of universal design were developer by the center for universal design Carolina State University. Online: https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Segs4Vets+making+mobility+accessiblea0179736624
  36. Vítková M (2006) Somatopedic aspects [in Czech: Somatopedické aspekty]. 2nd revised and expanded edition. Paido, Brno: 302. ISBN 80-7315-134-0Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pavla Kotásková
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jitka Fialová
    • 1
  • Mariana Jakubisová
    • 2
  • Miloslav Šlezingr
    • 1
  • Pavlína Procházková
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Landscape Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood TechnologyMendel UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Arborétum Borová HoraZvolenSlovakia

Personalised recommendations