Gene Therapy and Free Flaps for Therapeutic Reconstructive Surgery

  • Christopher R. Davis
  • Peter A. Than
  • Geoffrey C. GurtnerEmail author


Surgery, whether alone or in combination with adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy, is a major component in the treatment of oncological disease. Patients with ablative defects following surgical resection may undergo reconstructive surgery, with the aim of returning the patient to a premorbid level, for example, a mastectomy for cancer clearance and a breast reconstruction for chest wall reconstruction. However, despite multidisciplinary involvement, aggressive surgical margins, and additional therapy, tumor recurrence may occur. Autologous tissue used for reconstruction may provide a potential therapeutic source to patients and promote long-term tumor eradication by secreting therapeutic factors. This review focuses on gene therapy as a means of ex vivo transduction of autologous tissue and describes how reconstructive tissue can offer both reconstructive and therapeutic roles in the form of therapeutic flaps.



All authors contributed to the design, writing, and editing of this manuscript and granted approval of the final version.

Conflicts of Interest

None of the authors have any conflicts of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher R. Davis
    • 1
  • Peter A. Than
    • 1
  • Geoffrey C. Gurtner
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic SurgeryStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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