Correlation of In-Situ Material Characterization Tests and Experimental Performances of RC Members

  • Ciro Del VecchioEmail author
  • Marco Di Ludovico
  • Andrea Prota
  • Edoardo Cosenza
  • Gaetano Manfredi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 10)


Existing RC buildings of the Mediterranean area commonly show high variability in the material mechanical properties because of the construction age and manufacturing processes. Such a variability has been confirmed by number of in-situ tests performed during the reconstruction process in the aftermath of L’Aquila 2009 earthquake. In this context, destructive and non-destructive characterization tests are useful supporting tools to estimate the actual concrete mechanical properties and to improve the accuracy of the seismic capacity assessment. The paper reports of a wide material characterization program consisting of destructive and non-destructive tests carried out on a building severely damaged by the L’Aquila 2009 earthquake. Due to poor concrete mechanical properties and seismic structural weaknesses, the building was demolished. Portions of the structural systems have been extracted before the building demolition, subjected to material characterization tests and then tested in laboratory. The comparison between the two sets of material characterization test programs and the correlation with the experimental performances of an RC column tested under compressive axial load is presented herein.


In-situ test Sonreb Experimental test Existing buildings Reinforced concrete 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to Prof. Francesco Benedettini (University of L’Aquila) for the interest and passion dedicated to these research activities. His premature leaving makes us sad and disappointed. In his memory, we will continue these research activities with the same passion he has conveyed to us.


  1. Breysse D (2012) Nondestructive evaluation of concrete strength: an historical review and a new perspective by combining NDT methods. Constr Build Mater 33:139–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Calvi GM, Magenes G, Pampanin S (2002) Relevance of beam-column joint damage and collapse in RC frame assessment. J Earthq Eng 6(Special Issue 1):75–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CEN (2005) Eurocode 8: Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance - Part 3: Assessment and Reofitting of Buildings. European Committee for Standardization, BrussellGoogle Scholar
  4. C S LL PP (2009) Circolare 617: Istruzioni per l’applicazione delle Norme Tecniche per le Costruzioni (in Italian)Google Scholar
  5. D.M. (1962) Legge n. 1684 (in Italian). G.U. n. 326 del 22/12/1962Google Scholar
  6. D.M. (2008) MI. D.M. 14 Gennaio 2008: Technical codes for structures (in Italian). GU n°29. Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  7. Dolce M, Masi A, Moroni C, Nigro D, Santarsiero G, Ferrini M (2007) Comportamento ciclico-sperimentale di un nodo trave-pilastro estratto da una struttura esistente in c.a. ANIDIS. XII Convegno “L’Ingegneria Sismica in Italia,” Pisa, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  8. DPC, Reluis, AGI, ALGI, ALIG (2009) Linee Guida Per Modalita’ Di Indagine Sulle Strutture E Sui Terreni Per I Progetti Di Riparazione, Miglioramento E Ricostruzione di edifici inagibili. DoppiavoceGoogle Scholar
  9. FEMA 274 (1997) NEHRP commentary on the guidelines for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings. Federal Emergency Managament Agency, Washington, D.C., USA, 488Google Scholar
  10. Gasparik J (1992) Prove non distruttive nell’edilizia (in Italian). Quaderno didattico AIPnD, Brescia, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  11. Di Leo A, Pascale G (1994) Prove non distruttive sulle costruzioni in c.a. (in Italian). Il Giornale delle Prove non Distruttive, 4Google Scholar
  12. Di Ludovico M, Prota A, Moroni C, Manfredi G, Dolce M (2017a) Reconstruction process of damaged residential buildings outside the historical centres after L’Aquila earthquake - part I: light reconstruction. Bull Earthq Eng Bull Earthquake Eng 15(2):667–692Google Scholar
  13. Di Ludovico M, Prota A, Moroni C, Manfredi G, Dolce M (2017b) Reconstruction process of damaged residential buildings outside the historical centres after L’Aquila earthquake - part II: heavy reconstruction, Bull Earthquake Eng 15(2):693–729Google Scholar
  14. Masi A (2005) La stima della resistenza del calcestruzzo in situ mediante prove distruttive e non distruttive (in Italian). Il Giornale delle Prove non Distruttive Monitoraggio Diagnostica (1), 1–9Google Scholar
  15. MI (2008) D.M. 14 Gennaio 2008 (D.M. 2008). Technical codes for structures (in Italian). Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  16. R.D. (1937) Regio Decreto Legge n° 2105 (in Italian). G.U. n. 298 del 27/12/1937Google Scholar
  17. RILEM (1993) NDT 4. Recommendations for in situ concrete strength determination by combined non-destructive methods. Compendium of RILEN Technical Recommendations. E&FN Spon, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Del Vecchio C, Di Ludovico M, Balsamo A, Prota A, Manfredi G, Dolce M (2014) Experimental investigation of exterior RC beam-column joints retrofitted with FRP systems. ASCE J Compos. Constr. 18(4):1–13Google Scholar
  19. Verderame GM, Ricci P, Esposito M, Sansiviero FC (2011) Le Caratteristiche Meccaniche degli Acciai Impiegati nelle Strutture in c.a. realizzate dal 1950 al 1980. XXVI Convegno Nazionale AICAP, PadovaGoogle Scholar
  20. Vona M, Nigro D. (2015) Evaluation of the predictive ability of the in situ concrete strength through core drilling and its effects on the capacity of the RC columns. Materials and Structures, 1043–1059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Del Vecchio C, Del Zoppo M, Di Ludovico M, Verderame GM, Prota A (2017) Comparison of available shear strength models for non-conforming reinforced concrete columns. Eng Struct 148:312–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ciro Del Vecchio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marco Di Ludovico
    • 1
  • Andrea Prota
    • 1
  • Edoardo Cosenza
    • 1
  • Gaetano Manfredi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structures for Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations