Multi-criteria Analysis for Sustainable Buildings

  • A. De Angelis
  • N. Cheche
  • R. F. De Masi
  • M. R. Pecce
  • G. P. Vanoli
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 10)


Currently climate and housing standards in parallel with the energy savings govern the performance required to buildings. Consequently, innovative multi-functional components try to satisfy both the requirements of structural safety and thermal performance, but the choice of the designer is difficult due to the complexity of this new market. In this paper, the Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) analysis is proposed as suitable methodology that can provide adequate support for choosing the best building components between different alternatives. As case study, TOPSIS method (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) has been applied for comparing four different types of floor. The criteria assumed in the case study are referred to different fields as well as thermal, acoustic, air quality building science, structural performances, economic and human impacts. The case study allows to point out that the optimal solution depends on the importance (weight) that the decision maker assigns to each considered criterion.


Multi-criteria problem Structural performance Sustainability TOPSIS Weight assignment R.C. floor 



The authors gratefully would like to thank the financial support from the Project Smartcase, MIUR - Italian Ministry of Education, Universities and Research, Managerial Decree n.789 06/03/2014 (ID Number of the Project PON03PE_00093_1).


  1. Brown R (2005) Rational choice and judgment: decision analysis for the decider. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Osborn AF (1957) Applied imagination: principles and procedures of creative problem solving. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Eden C (1988) Cognitive mapping: a review. Eur J Oper Res 36(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Conklin J (2006) Dialog mapping: building shared understanding of wicked problems. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  5. Keeney RL (1992) Value-focused thinking: a path to creative decision-making. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Gregory R, Keeney RL (1994) Creating policy alternatives using stakeholder values. Manage Sci 40(8):1035–1048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Min.LL.PP., DM 14 gennaio 2008 Norme tecniche per le costruzioni (NTC). Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, no. 29Google Scholar
  8. EN 1992-1-2 2004 Eurocode 2: design of concrete structures - Part 1–2: General rules - Structural fire designGoogle Scholar
  9. da Silva SM, de Almeida MG (2010) Thermal and acoustic comfort in building. In: Conference paper, Inter.noice, noise and sustainability, 13–16 June 2010, Lisbon (Poertugal)Google Scholar
  10. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (2008) Building components and building elements—thermal resistance and thermal transmittance—calculation method; International Standard, UNI EN ISO 6946:2008. ISO, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  11. Italian Government. Ministerial Decree (2015) Decreto requisiti minimi. Ministerial Decree of 26 June 2016Google Scholar
  12. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (2007) Thermal performance of building components—dynamic thermal characteristics—calculation methods; International Standard, UNI EN ISO 13786:2007. ISO, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  13. EN 12354-1:2000 Building acoustics. Estimation of acoustic performance in buildings from the performance of elements. Airborne sound insulation between roomsGoogle Scholar
  14. EN 12354-2:2000-09 Building acoustics - Estimation of acoustic performance of buildings from the performance of elements - Part 2: Impact sound insulation between rooms; German version EN 12354-2:2000Google Scholar
  15. D.P.C.M. (1997) Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri del 5 dicembre 1997. “Determinazione dei requisiti acustici passivi degli edifici” (Gazzetta Ufficiale - Serie generale n. 297)Google Scholar
  16. International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Hygrothermal performance of building materials and products - determination of water vapour transmission properties ISO 12572:2001Google Scholar
  17. International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Environmental management – Life cycle assessment – Principles and framework. International standard ISO 14040:2010Google Scholar
  18. Hwang C, Yoon K (1981) Multiple attribute decision making. In: Lecture notes in economics and mathematical systems, vol. 186. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  19. Grierson DE (2008) Pareto multi-criteria decision making. Adv Eng Inform 22(3):371–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mardani A, Jusoh A, Nor KMD, Khalifah Z, Zakwan N, Valipour A (2015) Multiple criteria decision-making techniques and their applications – a review of the literature from 2000 to 2014. Econ Res Ekonomska Istraživanja 28(1):516–571. Scholar
  21. Kabir, G, Sadiq R, Tesfamariam S (2013) A review of multi-criteria decision-making methods for infrastructure management. Struct Infrastruct Eng Maint Manage Life-Cycle Des Perform 10(9):1176–1210. Scholar
  22. Fontenelle MR, Bastos L (2014) The multicriteria approach in the architecture conception: defining windows for an office building in Rio de Janeiro. Build Environ 74:96–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Songa Y, Lia Y, Wanga J, Haoa S, Zhua N, Lina Z (2015) Multi-criteria approach to passive space design in buildings: impact of courtyard spaces on public buildings in cold climates. Build Environ 89:295–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gagliano A, Detommaso M, Nocera F, Evola G (2015) A multi-criteria methodology for comparing the energy and environmental behavior of cool, green and traditional roofs. Build Environ 90:71–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ascione F, Bianco N, De Masi RF, De Stasio C, Mauro GM, Vanoli GP (2015) Multi-objective optimization of the renewable energy mix for a building. Appl Therm Eng. In Press, Corrected Proof — Note to users. Available online 31 December 2015Google Scholar
  26. Yang M, Lin M, Lin, Y, Tsai K (2016) Multiobjective optimization design of green building envelope material using a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm. Appl Therm Eng. Available online 13 January 2016 In Press, Accepted Manuscript — Note to usersGoogle Scholar
  27. Avgelis A, Papadopoulos AM (2009) Application of multicriteria analysis in designing HVAC systems. Energy Build 41:774–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wimmler C, Hejazi G, Fernandes ED, Moreira C, Connors S (2015) Multi-criteria decision support methods for renewable energy systems on islands. J Clean Energ Technol 3(3):185–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Thermal Performance of Building Components—Dynamic Thermal Characteristics—Calculation Methods; International Standard, UNI EN ISO 13786:2007; ISO: Geneva, Switzerland 2007Google Scholar
  30. Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the Energy Performance of Buildings (recast). Official Journal of the European Union, 18 June 2010Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. De Angelis
    • 1
  • N. Cheche
    • 1
  • R. F. De Masi
    • 1
  • M. R. Pecce
    • 1
  • G. P. Vanoli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of SannioBeneventoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of MoliseCampobassoItaly

Personalised recommendations