The next step in developing a critical theory of the commitment to economic growth is to undertake a meta-theoretical critique to determine how contemporary political theories explain this ubiquitous pattern of political behaviour. Two distinct but interrelated explanations for the commitment to growth are deduced from this exercise. These are described as the growth preference, which is built upon agent-centred theories of the state and interstate system, and the growth imperative, which is informed by structural theories. This chapter explores the former, whilst the latter are the subject of Chap. 5.