In the Empty Nest: Housework and Adult Care Among Italians Aged 65 and Above
This chapter considers the allocation of housework time among women and men aged 65 and above. In this group, we find large differences by gender and household status, with differences between women and men being largest among couples and smallest among singles, once again pointing to the relevance of specialization even among an age group where above 90% of subjects are (no longer) employed. Despite the relatively low level of education among this group, the educational variable is still a rather strong predictor of housework time for these elder Italians. Area of residence also accounts for some of the time spent on chores by men while employment status has a significant effect for both genders. Moreover, age is an important predictor of housework time. Among the oldest of the old, gender differences in housework time virtually disappear. Average minutes on adult care as well as percentages of engaged subjects are very low, reinforcing the notion that time use data are not the best tool to study time on adult care.
KeywordsDomestic work Housework Adult care Gender differences Aging Life course Italy Italian time use survey
- Blood, R., & Wolfe, D. (1960). Husbands and wives: The dynamics of married living. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Eurostat (2017a) Employment, main characteristics and rates. Annual averages. Retrieved July 7, 2017, from http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do.
- Eurostat (2017b) Population by educational attainment level, sex and age (%)—main indicators. Retrieved August 1, 2017, from http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=edat_lfse_03&lang=en.