The conclusion provides a summary of the main research findings. The explanations of the Chinese nuclear doctrine, which analyse separately international factors, strategic culture, and leaders’ belief systems have several shortcomings. The model used in this work, based on neoclassical realism, consents to solve the puzzles inherent to the studies presented. It combines both international variables and unit-level variables to explain the way a country reacts to international threats/opportunities.


Neorealism Neoclassical realism Traditional realism 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TrentoTrentoItaly

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