Interference of Biological Noise in Sonar Detection

  • Teresa Guarda
  • José Avelino Vitor
  • Óscar Barrionuevo
  • Johnny Chavarria
  • Maria Fernanda Augusto
  • José Garcés
  • Luis Morales
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 94)


There are a wide range of ambient noise sources within the underwater acoustics. Acoustic noise can vary over time in intensity and spectral composition, depending on environmental conditions. In passive sonar detection the target of interest is surrounded by several noises, environmental and other radiated noise from other sources. The acoustic detection systems in underwater warfare are important for ships and submarines that have acoustic sensors to determine the presence of any contact. The lack of information on the noise that disrupts the acoustic detection sensors and interferes with the recognition, possibly mask the contacts endangering the surface and submarine operations. In order to solve this problem, it is fundamental to develop an information system model that allow the identification of the signals of interest and classify the targets.


Sonar Noise Noise mapping Information system Data Mining 


  1. 1.
    Hodges, R.: Underwater Acoustics Analysis, Design and Performance of SONAR. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, UK (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Board, O., Council, N.: Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Urick, R.: Principles of Underwater Sound, 2nd edn. (1975)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang, L., Wang, Q.: The Influence of Marine Biological Noise on Sonar Detection. Ocean Acoustics (COA), pp. 1–4 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stergiopoulos, S.: Advanced Signal Processing Handbook: Theory and Implementation for Radar, Sonar, and Medical Imaging Real Time Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2000)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Richards, C.: Sistemas electrónicos de datos: aspectos prácticos. Sistemas electrónicos de datos: aspectos prácticos, Reverté (1980)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bradley, D., Stern, R.: Underwater Sound and the Marine Mammal Acoustic Environment: A Guide to Fundamental Principles, Marine Mammal Commission (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Etter, P.: Underwater Acoustic Modeling and Simulation. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hildebrand, J.: Anthropogenic and natural sources of ambient noise in the ocean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 395, 5–20 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Board, O., Council, N.: Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ketten, D.: The cetacean ear: form, frequency, and evolution. In: Marine mammal sensory systems, pp. 53–75 (1992)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fayyad, U., Smyth, P., Uthurusamy, R.: Advances in Knowledge Discovery & Data Mining. The AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Povel, O., Giraud-Carrier, C.: Characterizing data mining software. Intell. Data Anal. 5, 1–12 (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Minami, M.: Using ArcMap. In: ESRI (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pierce, A.: Acoustics: An Introduction to its Physical Principles and Applications, p. 678. McGraw-Hil, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jefferson, T., Webber, M., Pitman, R.: Marine Mammals of the World: A Comprehensive Guide to their Identification. Academic Press, San Diego (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa Guarda
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • José Avelino Vitor
    • 4
  • Óscar Barrionuevo
    • 5
  • Johnny Chavarria
    • 2
  • Maria Fernanda Augusto
    • 2
  • José Garcés
    • 5
  • Luis Morales
    • 5
  1. 1.Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas-ESPESangolqui, QuitoEcuador
  2. 2.Universidad Estatal Península de Santa Elena – UPSELa LibertadEcuador
  3. 3.Algoritmi CentreMinho UniversityGuimarãesPortugal
  4. 4.Instituto Politécnico da MaiaMaiaPortugal
  5. 5.Armada del EcuadorGuayquilEcuador

Personalised recommendations