Toward a Research Program for Studying National Solidarity

  • Danny Kaplan
Part of the Cultural Sociology book series (CULTSOC)


The concluding chapter sums up the theoretical argument and spells out the main structural issues to be considered in the empirical investigation of social clubs. The case studies presented in this book enact the meta-narrative of strangers-turned-friends through different patterns of sociability, different configurations in the relative position of participants and spectators, and different cultures of participation in civic and national life. But all employ the figure of the brother and the symbolism of fraternity in ways that link the social and cultural structures of national solidarity with male ascendancy. By studying from bottom-up institutional processes of public and collective intimacy, we can gain a better understanding of how national solidarity works at the micro-level and how it has remained the world’s dominant social glue from early to late modernity. The logic of clubbiness goes hand in hand with the practice of civic nationalism, contributing to both the spread of participatory democracy and its implementation as an exclusionary national attachment.


  1. Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2003. The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2004. “Cultural Pragmatics: Social Performance Between Ritual and Strategy.” Sociological Theory 22 (4): 527–573.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, Benedict. [1983] 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  4. Black, Barbara. 2012. A Room of His Own: A Literary-Cultural Study of Victorian Clubland. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Brubaker, Rogers and Frederick Cooper. 2000. “Beyond ‘Identity.’” Theory and Society 29 (1): 1–47.Google Scholar
  6. Brubaker, Rogers, Mara Loveman, and Peter Stamatov. 2004. “Ethnicity as  Cognition.” Theory and Society 33 (1): 31–64. Google Scholar
  7. Calhoun, Craig. 1991. “Nationalism, Political Community and the Representation of Society: Or, Why Feeling at Home is Not a Substitute for Public Space.” European Journal of Social Theory 2: 217–231.Google Scholar
  8. Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cooley, Charles, H. [1909] 1962. Social Organization. New York: Schocken.Google Scholar
  10. Crewe, Emma. 2010. “An Anthropology of the House of Lords: Socialisation, Relationships and Rituals.” The Journal of Legislative Studies 16 (3): 313–324.Google Scholar
  11. Dayan, Daniel, and Elihu Katz. 1992. Media Events: The Live Broadcasting of History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Durkheim, Emile. [1915] 2003. “The Elementary Forms of Religious Life,” translated by Karen E. Fields. In Emile Durkheim: Sociologist of Modernity, edited by Mustafa Emirbayer, 109–121, 140–141. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Edensor, Tim. 2002. National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  14. Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 1993. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives. London: Pluto.Google Scholar
  15. Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 2004. “Place, Kinship and the Case for Non‐Ethnic Nations.” Nations and Nationalism 10 (1–2): 49–62.Google Scholar
  16. Fine, Gary Alan. 2012. Tiny Publics: A Theory of Group Action and Culture. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  17. Forster, Edward Morgan. 1951. Two Cheers for Democracy. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  18. Fox, Jon E., and Cynthia Miller-Idriss. 2008. “Everyday Nationhood.” Ethnicities 8 (4): 536–563.Google Scholar
  19. Frosh, Paul. 2012. “The Showing of Sharedness: Monstration, Media and Social Life.” Divinatio 35: 123–138.Google Scholar
  20. Habermas, Jürgen. [1962] 1991. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Haine, William Scott. 1996. The World of the Paris Café: Sociability Among the French Working Class, 1789–1914. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Handelman, Don. 1990. Models and Mirrors: Toward an Anthropology of Public Events. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Handler, Richard. 1988. Nationalism and the Politics of Culture in Quebec. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  24. Herzfeld, Michael. [1997] 2005. Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-State. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. James, Paul. 1996. Nation Formation: Towards a Theory of Abstract Community. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Kaplan, Danny. 2014. “Jewish-Arab Relations in Israeli Freemasonry: Between Civil Society and Nationalism.” Middle East Journal 68 (3): 385–401.Google Scholar
  27. Katz, Elihu, and Paul Lazarsfeld. [1955] 2017. Personal Influence: The Part Played by People in the Flow of Mass Communications. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Lainer-Vos, Dan. 2012. “Manufacturing National Attachments: Gift-Giving, Market Exchange and the Construction of Irish and Zionist Diaspora Bonds.” Theory and Society 41 (1): 73–106.Google Scholar
  29. Lainer-Vos, Dan. 2014. “Israel in the Poconos: Simulating the Nation in a Zionist Summer Camp.” Theory and Society 43 (1): 91–116.Google Scholar
  30. Livingstone, Sonia. 2008. “Taking Risky Opportunities in Youthful Content Creation: Teenagers”. Use of Social Networking Sites for Intimacy, Privacy and Self-Expression. New Media & Society 10 (3): 393–411.Google Scholar
  31. Malešević, Siniša. 2011. “The Chimera of National Identity.” Nations and Nationalism 17 (2): 272–290.Google Scholar
  32. Nagel, Joan. 1998. “Masculinity and Nationalism: Gender and Sexuality in the Making of Nations.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 21 (2): 242–269.Google Scholar
  33. Pateman, Carole. 1989. The Disorder of Women: Democracy, Feminism and Political Theory. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Polletta, Francesca. 2002. Freedom Is an Endless Meeting: Democracy in American Social Movements. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Putnam, Robert. 2000. Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  36. Ringmar, Erik. 1998. “Nationalism: The Idiocy of Intimacy.” British Journal of Sociology 49 (4): 534–549.Google Scholar
  37. Romani, Gabriella. 2007. “A Room with a View: Interpreting the Ottocento Through the Literary Salon.” Italica 84 (2–3): 233–246.Google Scholar
  38. Rosen, Christine. 2007. “Virtual Friendship and the New Narcissism.” The New Atlantis 17: 15–31.Google Scholar
  39. Sasson-Levy, Orna. 2002. “Constructing Identities at the Margins: Masculinities and Citizenship in the Israeli Army.” The Sociological Quarterly 43 (3): 357–383.Google Scholar
  40. Simmel, Georg. 1949. “The Sociology of Sociability.” Translated by Everett C. Hughes. American Journal of Sociology 55 (3): 254–261.Google Scholar
  41. Weber, Eugen. 1986. France, Fin de Siècle. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Wimmer, Andreas. 2002. Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict: Shadows of Modernity. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Wimmer, Andreas, and Yuval Feinstein. 2010. “The Rise of the Nation-State Across the World, 1816–2001.” American Sociological Review 75 (5): 764–790.Google Scholar
  44. Yack, Bernard. 1996. “The Myth of the Civic Nation.” Critical Review 10 (2): 193–211.Google Scholar
  45. Yanay, Niza. 2013. The Ideology of Hatred: The Psychic Power of Discourse. New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Anthropology and Gender Studies ProgramBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

Personalised recommendations