This chapter examines child malnutrition in India. Even though the incidence of malnutrition in India has declined greatly since Independence, the prevalence of malnutrition in India remains extremely high, even relative to other poor countries. It is, however, difficult to arrive at a universally acceptable explanation for why this should be so. The contribution of this chapter is to examine the relative strengths of the determinants of child malnutrition in India, paying attention to household characteristics (social group, consumption level, education, location) and the characteristics of the households’ dwellings (presence of toilets, separate kitchen, vent in the cooking area). The analysis also examines the importance of anganwadis in combating child malnutrition through growth monitoring, health checks and the provision of supplementary food. In addition, a unique characteristic of this chapter is that it draws attention to the importance of personal hygiene, through washing hands with soap and water after defecation, as a prophylactic against diarrhoeal disease.
- Barker, D. J. P. (1998). Mothers, Babies and Diseases in Later Life. London: Churchill Livingstone.Google Scholar
- Bilger, B. (2004, 5 April). The Height Gap. New Yorker, 1–11.Google Scholar
- Borooah, V. K., & Iyer, S. (2005). Religion, Literacy, and the Female-to-Male Ratio. Economic and Political Weekly, 40, 419–428.Google Scholar
- Coffey, D., & Spears, D. (2017). Where India Goes: Abandoned Toilets, Stunted Development and the Costs of Caste. Noida, Uttar Pradesh: Harper Collins Publishers India.Google Scholar
- Coffey, D., Deaton, A., Dreze, J., Spears, D., & Tarozzi, A. (2013). Stunting Among Children: Facts and Implications. Economic and Political Weekly, 68, 68–70.Google Scholar
- Deaton, A., & Dreze, J. (2009). Food and Nutrition in India: Facts and Interpretation. Economic and Political Weekly, 44, 42–65.Google Scholar
- Desai, S., Dubey, A., & Vanneman, R. (2015). India Human Development Survey-II. University of Maryland and National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.Google Scholar
- Ejemot-Mwadiaro, R. L., Ehiri, J. E., Arikpo, D., Meremikwu, M. M., & Critchley, J. A. (2015). Handwashing Promotion for Preventing Diarrhoea (Review), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Government of India. (2012). PM’s Speech at the Release of HUNGaMA (Hunger and Malnutrition) Report. Press Release, Press Information Bureau, Prime Minister’s Office, 10 January. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=79457. Accessed 29 November 2017.
- Kapil, U., & Pradhan, R. (1999). Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS) and Its Impact on the Nutritional Status of Children. Indian Journal of Public Health, 43, 21–25.Google Scholar
- Lavy, V., Strauss, J., Thomas, D., & De Vreyer, P. (1995). The Impact of the Quality of Health Care on Children’s Nutrition and Survival in Ghana (English). Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) (Working Paper No. LSM 106). Washington, DC: The World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/943221468749750980/The-impact-of-the-quality-of-health-care-on-childrens-nutrition-and-survival-in-Ghana.
- Long, J. S., & Freese, J. (2014). Regression Models for Categorical Dependent Variables Using Stata. College Station, TX: Stata Press.Google Scholar
- Naandi Foundation. (2011). HUNGaMA. Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition (The HUNGaMA Survey Report). http://motherchildnutrition.org/resources/pdf/HungamaBKDec11LR.pdf. Accessed 29 November 2017.
- Panagariya, A. (2013). Does India Really Suffer from Worse Child Malnutrition than Sub-Saharan Africa. Economic and Political Weekly, 68, 98–111.Google Scholar
- Sen, A. K. (2001). Hunger: Old Torments and New Blunders. The Little Magazine, 2, 9–13.Google Scholar
- Svedberg, P. (2001). Hunger in India: Facts and Challenge. The Little Magazine, 2, 26–34.Google Scholar
- Theil, H. (1967). Economics and Information Theory. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2011). World Health Statistics 2011. Geneva: World Health Organisation.Google Scholar
- WHO. (2017). World Health Statistics 2017. Geneva: World Health Organisation.Google Scholar