Advertisement

Durability and Long-Term Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer as a New Civil Engineering Material

  • Brahim Benmokrane
  • Ahmed H. Ali
Conference paper

Abstract

In recent years, fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have been increasingly used for civil engineering applications such as columns, beams, and slabs to all-composite bridge decks. However, the durability of FRP, especially under harsh environmental conditions, is now recognized as the most critical topic of research. The lack of a comprehensive database on durability of FRP materials makes it difficult for the practicing civil engineer and designer to use FRP composites on a routine basis. The current paper presents the most significant research work conducted and published on durability performance of FRPs, as internal reinforcement, in the concrete members. Its durability has been extensively investigated in the last two decades. A comprehensive review of the literature, including degradation mechanisms, accelerated tests for long-term performance, and the effects of environment parameters on the durability of FRPs will be presented and discussed. In addition, proposed service-life prediction models for FRP materials will be reviewed.

References

  1. 1.
    Benmokrane, B., Ali, A. H., Mohamed, H. M., Robert, M., & ElSafty, A. (2016). Durability performance and service life of CFCC tendons exposed to elevated temperature and alkaline environment. Journal of Composites for Construction, 04015043.  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000606.
  2. 2.
    Benmokrane, B., Ali, A. H., Mohamed, H. M., ElSafty, A., & Manalo, A. (2017). Laboratory assessment and durability performance of vinyl-ester, polyester, and epoxy glass-FRP bars for concrete structures. Composites Part B Engineering, 114, 163–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Robert, M., Cousin, P., & Benmokrane, B. (2009). Durability of GFRP reinforcing bars embedded in moist concrete. Journal of Composites for Construction, 13, 66–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Robert, M., & Benmokrane, B. (2013). Combined effects of saline solution and moist concrete on long-term durability of GFRP reinforcing bars. Construction and Building Materials, 38, 274–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Benmokrane, B., Robert, M., Mohamed, H. M., Ali, A. H., & Cousin, P. (2017). Durability assessment of glass FRP solid and hollow bars (rock bolts) for application in ground control of Jurong rock caverns in Singapore. Journal of Composites for Construction, 21(3), 1–4.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ben Daly, H., Ben Brahim, H., Hfaied, N., Harchay, M., & Boukhili, R. (2007). Investigation of water absorption in pultruded composites containing fillers and low profile additives. Polymer Composites, 28(3), 355–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Benmokrane, B. (2000). Improvement of the durability performance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcements for concrete structures (p. 50). Technical Report, Civil Engineering Department, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, Y., Davalos, J. F., Ray, I., & Kim, H. Y. (2007). Accelerated aging tests for evaluation of durability performance of FRP reinforcing bars reinforcing bars for concrete structures. Composite Structures, 78(1), 101–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Robert, M., & Benmokrane, B. (2010). Effect of aging on bond of GFRP bars embedded in concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites Journal, 32(6), 461–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, J., GangaRao, H., Liang, R., & Liu, W. (2016). Durability and prediction models of fiber-reinforced polymer composites under various environmental conditions: A critical review. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 35(3), 179–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hancox, N. L., & Mayer, R. M. (1994). Design data for reinforced plastics (pp. 202–204). New York: Chapman & Hall.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Judd, N. C. W. (1971). The chemical resistance of carbon fibers and a carbon fiber\polyester composites. The first international conference of carbon fibers, plastics institute, London (pp. 1–8).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chu, W., Wu, L., & Karbhari, V. (2004). Durability evaluation of moderate temperature cured E-glass/vinylester systems. Composite Structures, 66, 367–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kim, H., Park, Y., & You, Y. (2008). Short-term durability test for GFRP rods under various environmental conditions. Composite Structures, 83, 37–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lord, H. W., & Dutta, P. K. (1988). On the design of polymeric composite structure for cold regions application. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 7, 435–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Alves, J., El-Ragaby, A., & El-Salakawy, E. (2010). Bond strength of glass FRP bars in concrete subjected to freeze-thaw cycles and sustained loads. The 5th international conference on FRP composites in civil engineering, September 27–29, Beijing.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ACI (American Concrete Institute). (2015). Guide for the design and construction of structural concrete reinforced with FRP bars. Farmington Hills : ACI 440.1R-15.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Davalos, J. F., Chen, Y., & Ray, I. (2012). Long-term durability prediction models for GFRP bars in concrete environment. Journal of Composite Materials, 46(16), 1899–1914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tannous, F. E. (1998). Environmental effects on the mechanical properties of E-glass FRP rebars. ACI Materials Journal, 95(2), 87–100.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Litherland, K. L., Oakley, D. R., & Proctor, B. A. (1981). The use of accelerated ageing procedures to predict the long term strength of GRC composites. Cement and Concrete Research, 11(3), 455–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Serbescu, A., Guadagnini, M., & Pilakoutas, K. (2014). Mechanical characterization of basalt FRP rebars and long-term strength predictive model. Journal of Composites for Construction, 19(2), 04014037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dong, Z., Wu, G., Zhao, X. L., & Wan, Z. K. (2017). A refined prediction method for the long-term performance of BFRP bars serviced in field environments. Construction and Building Materials, 155, 1072–1080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

Personalised recommendations