Rock Typing

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Petroleum Geoscience & Engineering book series (BRIEFSPGE)

Abstract

Rock typing is the process of assigning reservoir properties to geological facies. The samples in an ideal rock type have the same geological and reservoir properties. Such a unit is considered as a reservoir building block. The properties of interest are fluid storage and flow and thus it is possible that two facies are grouped in one rock type or one facies is divided into two rock types. There are three main categories for this process including geology, reservoir (static properties), and petrophysics. Geological rock types are defined by integrating facies and diagenesis characteristics of the samples in a porosity–permeability framework. Reservoir methods use porosity, permeability, pore throat size, and their relationships for dividing the samples into various rock types. Logs are routinely grouped by cluster analysis into electrofacies. The final result is an ideal unit that contains the same geological, reservoir, and wire line characteristics. As wire line data are available from almost all wells and reservoir intervals, this ideal unit could be distributed in 3D space, even with limited core data. These units are perfect for both static and dynamic modeling. On a regional scale, the concept of flow unit is used to divide the reservoir into compartments with the same reservoir quality. Sequence stratigraphic concepts are also used for correlating the defined units in the reservoir scale. All methods try to reduce the reservoir heterogeneity to understand reservoir behavior on microscopic and macroscopic scales.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geology, College of ScienceUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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