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Planning for a Sustainable Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): An Appraisal of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Environmental and Social Safeguards

Chapter

Abstract

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been hailed by many as a game changer in the field of economy, capable to sustain growth in the Eurasian region. Many observers however are concerned about the environmental and social costs of the initiative. To what extent the BRI will pursue a development in tune with the environment and the needs of affected communities will largely depend upon the capacity of concerned actors to carry out integrated and inclusive environmental and social planning. A major role will be played by financial institutions funding the initiative. This chapter seeks to appraise the rationale, scope, legitimacy, and decision-making implications of environmental and social policies applicable to BRI projects. To pursue this aim, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is taken as a case representative of current progress and challenges ahead. Findings indicate that AIIB’s environmental and social safeguards may constitute a tool to promote social inclusion and environmental protection within BRI projects. However, their effectiveness will depend from the Bank’s political commitment towards sustainability and its capacity to foster institutional change in client countries.

Keywords

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Road Initiative Multi-lateral Development Banks (MDBs) Environmental And Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Social Management Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Asian and North African StudiesUniversity Ca’ Foscari VeniceVeniceItaly

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