Influence of Baroclinicity on Sea Level Oscillations in the Baltic Sea

  • Evgeny Zakharchuk
  • Natalia Tikhonova
  • Anatoly Gusev
  • Nikolay Diansky
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


On the basis of numerical experiments with the ocean model INMOM adapted for the Baltic Sea conditions, the influence of baroclinic processes on sea level oscillations is investigated. It is shown that baroclinic perturbations make a significant contribution to the total Baltic Sea level oscillations. Baroclinic effects have the dominate impact on formation of the mean sea level. The spectral analysis testifies the most considerable contribution of baroclinic fluctuations in the ranges of seasonal and mesoscale variability. The highest amplitudes of sea level baroclinic perturbations are noted in eastern part of the Gulf of Finland where they reach +30 cm, as well as in Bay of Bothnia and Gulf of Riga (+20 ÷ 25 cm). The greatest intensity of the baroclinic sea level oscillations is noted during the autumn and winter period in the local regions of open Baltic, the Bay of Bothnia, eastern part of the Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Riga, as well as the Kattegat and the Danish Straits.


Baltic sea Sea level Baroclinic effects 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Saint-Petersburg Branch of N.N.Zubov State Oceanographic InstituteSaint-PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.N.N. Zubov State Oceanographic InstituteMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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