In collaboration with Teresita Solís


There are two ways in which social insects can reproduce: one is through the production of sexual offspring by queens, males, and (in some species) workers, and the other is through colony fission (Ruttner. Experimental behavioral ecology and sociobiology. Sinauer Associates, pp 225–236, 1985; Koeniger. Bee genetics and bee breeding. Academic Press, pp 255–282, 1986). This means that, in social insects, effective reproduction depends not only on individual performance, but also to a large extent on the functioning of the colony. Both aspects are tightly linked; survival of the colony is in the best interests of all colony members to ensure high output of reproductives and daughter colonies (Crozier and Pamilo. Evolution of social insect colonies. Sex allocation and kin selection. Oxford University Press, 2003).


Philopatry Queen sacrifice Female reproductive parasitism Queen mating Mating plug Physogastria Ovariole Vitellogenin Sex ratio Male sexual maturity Male aggregation Male dispersal Colony dynamics Swarming Colony reproductive strategy Drivers of colony density Colony survival Colony mini-division Artificial queen rearing 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Apicultura Tropical, Campus de Ciencias Biológicas y AgropecuariasUniversidad Autónoma de YucatánMéridaMexico

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