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Perioperative Data Science: A Research Approach for Building Hospital Knowledge

  • Márcia Baptista
  • José Braga Vasconcelos
  • Álvaro Rocha
  • Rita Lemos
  • João Vidal Carvalho
  • Helena Gonçalves Jardim
  • António Quintal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 746)

Abstract

Perioperative care is changing through advances in technology with the aim of maximizing quality and value. Future transformation in care will be enabled by data and consequently by knowledge. This paper describes a knowledge management and data science research project and its results based on a study applied to the perioperative department at Hospital Dr. Nélio Mendonça between 2013 and 2015. Conservative practices, such as manual registry, are limited in their scope for preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative decision making, discovery, extent and complexity of data, analytical techniques, and translation or integration of knowledge into patient care. This study contributed to the perioperative decision making process improvement by integrating data science tools on the perioperative electronic system (PES) assembled. Before the PES implementation only 1,2% of the nurses registered the preoperative visit and after 87,6% registered it. Regarding the patient features it was possible to assess anxiety and pain levels. A future conceptual model for perioperative decision support systems grounded on data science should be considered as a knowledge management tool.

Keywords

Perioperative data science Knowledge management Clinical decision support systems Hospital information systems 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Márcia Baptista
    • 1
  • José Braga Vasconcelos
    • 2
    • 3
  • Álvaro Rocha
    • 4
  • Rita Lemos
    • 5
  • João Vidal Carvalho
    • 6
  • Helena Gonçalves Jardim
    • 7
  • António Quintal
    • 8
  1. 1.Information Technology Research DepartmentSantiago Compostela UniversitySantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Knowledge Management and Engineering Research GroupUniversidade AtlânticaBarcarenaPortugal
  3. 3.Centro de Administração e Políticas Públicas (CAPP) da Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Departamento de Engenharia InformáticaUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.Bloco Operatório, Hospital Dr. Nélio MendonçaMadeiraPortugal
  6. 6.Politécnico do Porto, ISCAP, CEOSPortoPortugal
  7. 7.Health Higher SchoolMadeira University and the Health Sciences Research Unit: NursingCoimbraPortugal
  8. 8.Universidade da MadeiraMadeiraPortugal

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