Field Measurements of Electrical Consumption in a Multi-purpose Educational Building

  • Fernando del Ama Gonzalo
  • Jose A. Ferrandiz
  • David Fonseca Escudero
  • Juan A. Hernandez
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 745)


The energy demand of non-domestic building includes a wide variety of uses and energy services. Researchers of Polytechnic University of Madrid and American University of Ras Al Khaimah have developed a smart metering system to report and analyze the electrical consumption in buildings. The system is non-intrusive, can be easily deployed in electric boards and sends data to a central base station located away from the metering device. In this article the system is tested in an educational facility. The lighting, power outlets and HVAC circuits are analyzed and finally the results are discussed.


Electrical consumption in buildings Active and passive measures Smart metering system 



The work presented in this paper was supported by the School of Engineering at the American University of Ras Al Khaimah.


  1. 1.
    Balaras, C.A., Droutsa, K., Argiriou, A.A., Asimakopoulos, D.N.: Potential for energy conservation in apartment building. Energy Build. 31, 143–154 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sadineni, S.B., France, T.M., Boehm, R.F.: Economic feasibility of energy efficiency measures in residential buildings. Renewable Energy 36(11), 2925–2931 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ballarini, I., Corrado, V.: Analysis of the building energy balance to investigate the effect of thermal insulation in summer conditions. Energy Build. 52, 168–180 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sozer, H.: Improving energy efficiency through the design of the building envelope. Build. Environ. 45(12), 2581–2593 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chan, K.T., Chow, W.K.: Energy impact of commercial-building envelopes in the sub-tropical climate. Appl. Energy 60(1), 21–39 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sadineni, S.B., Madala, S., Boehm, R.F.: Passive building energy savings: a review of building envelope components. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 15(8), 3617–3631 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hermanns, M., del Ama, F., Hernandez, J.A.: Analytical solution to the one-dimensional non-uniform absorption of solar radiation in uncoated and coated single glass panes. Energy Build. 47, 561–571 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goodhew, S., Griffiths, R.: Sustainable earth walls to meet the building regulations. Energy Build. 37(5), 451–459 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deru, M., Torcellini, P.: Standard definitions of building geometry for energy evaluation purposes. Technical report NREL/TP-550-38600. National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (2005).
  10. 10.
    Farinaccio, L., Radu, Z.: Using a pattern recognition approach to disaggregate the total electricity consumption in a house into the major end-uses. Energy Build. 30(3), 245–259 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chung, H.M., Rhee, K.E.: Potential opportunities for energy conservation in existing buildings on university campus: a field survey in Korea. Energy Build. 78, 176–182 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Azar, E., Menassa, C.C.: A comprehensive analysis of the impact of occupancy parameters in energy simulation of office buildings. Energy Build. 55, 841–853 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Webber, C.A., Roberson, J.A., McWhinney, M.C., Brown, R.E., Pinckard, M.J.: After-hours power status of office equipment in the USA. Energy 31, 2823–2838 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Masoso, O.T., Grobler, L.J.: The dark side of occupants’ behaviour on building energy use. Energy Build. 42, 173–177 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barley, D., Deru, M., Pless, S., Torcellini P.: Procedure for measuring and reporting commercial building energy performance. Technical report NREL/TP-550-38601, October 2005. National Renewable Energy LaboratoryGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 (JCGM/WG1/100): Uncertainty of measurement. Part 3: guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando del Ama Gonzalo
    • 1
  • Jose A. Ferrandiz
    • 1
  • David Fonseca Escudero
    • 2
  • Juan A. Hernandez
    • 3
  1. 1.American University of Ras al KhaimahRas Al KhaimahUAE
  2. 2.La Salle Universitat Ramon LlullBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Polytechnic University of MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations