What Is Sound?

  • Jérôme Sueur
Part of the Use R! book series (USE R)


Sound main properties are overviewed with no reference to R. Sound is first introduced as a mechanical wave with reference to the essential features commonly used for signal description, i.e., amplitude, phase, duration, and frequency. Sound is then considered in a statistical way as a time series, in an electronic framework as a digital object, and in reference to a communication system as a support of information.

Audio files:None


  1. Cryer JD, Chan KS (2008) Time series analysis with applications in R. Springer, New YorkzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. McGregor PK (ed) (2005) Animal communication networks. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Russell DA (2000) On the sound field radiated by a tuning fork. Am J Phys 68:1139–1145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Russell DA, Junell J, Ludwigsen DO (2013) Vector acoustic intensity around a tuning fork. Am J Phys 81:99–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Schafer RM (1977) The soundscape: our sonic environment and the tuning of the world. Destiny Books, RochesterGoogle Scholar
  6. Shannon CE (1949) Communication in the presence of noise. Proc Inst Radio Eng 37:10–21MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. Shannon CE, Weaver W (1949) The mathematical theory of communication. Illinois University Press, UrbanazbMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Shumway RH, Stoffer DS (2006) Time series analysis and its applications with R examples. Springer, ChamzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. Soetaert K (2014) diagram: functions for visualising simple graphs (networks), plotting flow diagrams., R package

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme Sueur
    • 1
  1. 1.Muséum National d’Histoire naturelleParisFrance

Personalised recommendations