Advertisement

Sustainabilty Indicators

  • João Fernando Gomes de Oliveira
  • Tatiana Costa Guimarães Trindade
Chapter

Abstract

An initial discussion on the triple bottom line is presented followed by a description on the main tendencies on its definition and uses. It compiles and discuss the indicators from the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CDS). A criterion for the selection of sustainability indicators is presented with focus on energy sustainability. Economic, environmental and social indicators are then shown with regard to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) data with contributions from UNDESA, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and other international and national organizations.

References

  1. Afgan NH, Carvalho MG (2008) Sustainability assessment of a hybrid energy system. Energy Policy 36(8):2903–2910Google Scholar
  2. Afgan NH, Carvalho MG, Hovanov NV (1999) Energy system assessment with sustainability indicators. Energy PolicyGoogle Scholar
  3. Brundtland Commission (1987) Our common future: report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. UN Documents Gathering a Body of Global Agreements, OsloGoogle Scholar
  4. de Carvalho JRM, Curi WWF, de Araújo Carvalho EKM, Curi RC (2011) Proposta e validação de indicadores hidroambientais para bacias hidrográficas: estudo de caso na sub-bacia do alto curso do Rio Paraíba, PB. Revista Sociedade e Natureza, UberlândiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Goodland R (1995) The concept of environmental sustainability. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 26(1):1–24Google Scholar
  6. Goldemberg J, Lucon O (2007) Energia e meio ambiente no Brasil. Estudos Avançados 21(59):7–20Google Scholar
  7. Harris JM (2003) Sustainability and sustainable development. Available at http://isecoeco.org/pdf/susdev.pdf. Accessed 14 Oct 2017
  8. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2005) Energy indicators for sustainable development : guidelines and methodologies. International Atomic Energy Agency, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  9. Santos TCC, Câmara JBD (Orgs.) (2002) GEO Brasil, 2002: Perspectivas do Meio Ambiente no Brasil. Brasília: Edições IBAMA, 2002Google Scholar
  10. United Nations (2007) Indicators of sustainable development: guidelines and methodologies, 3rd edn. New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. van Bellen HM (2006) Indicadores de Sustentabilidade: Uma Análise Comparativa, 2nd edn. FGV, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Fernando Gomes de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Tatiana Costa Guimarães Trindade
    • 1
  1. 1.São Carlos School of EngineeringUniversity of São PauloSão CarlosBrazil

Personalised recommendations