‘Financial Considerations’ and the ‘Free’ Academic Market

Chapter
Part of the Archival Insights into the Evolution of Economics book series (AIEE)

Abstract

Two concepts of civilization continue to compete: achieved versus ascribed status. The British branch of the neoclassical school endorses one vehicle; the Austrian branch the other. The British branch tends to embrace Pigouvian externality taxes; the Austrian branch embraces blind faith: ‘what we lack is a liberal Utopia’ where ‘for practically all regulations the costs are greater than the benefits. It is simpler to argue against regulations as such’—as Hayek put it. Or as Rothbard put it: the junk bond criminal, Michael Milken, was ‘the most creative financial innovator of our time.’ The British branch embraces tax-funded compulsory education; Mises provided neo-feudal foundation for Liberalism in the [Austrian] Classical Tradition: ‘There is, in fact, only one solution: the state, the government, the laws must not in any way concern themselves with schooling or education. Public funds must not be used for such purposes.’ The British branch has genuinely acquired academic credentials; while the Austrian branch award themselves doctorates and ‘Post-Doctoral Fellowships’ at, for example, New York University and Stanford University.

References

Archival Insights into the Evolution of Economics (and Related Projects)

  1. Leeson, R. (2000). Inflation, Disinflation and the Natural Rate of Unemployment: A Dynamic Framework for Policy Analysis. The Australian Economy in the 1990s (pp. 124–175). Sydney: Reserve Bank of Australia.Google Scholar
  2. Leeson, R. (2003). Ideology and the International Economy: The Decline and Fall of Bretton Woods. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Leeson, R. (Ed.). 2013. Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part I Influences From Mises to Bartley. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Leeson, R. (Ed.). (2015a). Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part II Austria, America and the Rise of Hitler, 1899–1933. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Leeson, R. (Ed.). (2015b). Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part III Fraud, Fascism and Free Market Religion. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Leeson, R. (2017). Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part IX The Divine Right of the ‘Free Market. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  7. Leeson, R., & Palm, C. (2016). The Collected Writings of Milton Friedman. Hoover Institution Website. https://miltonfriedman.hoover.org/collections.
  8. McVicar, M. (2017). Christian Reconstructionism and the Austrian School of Economics. In R. Leeson (Ed.), Hayek: A Collaborative Biography Part IX: The Divine Right of the ‘Free’ Market. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Theroux, D. (2015). Hayek and Me. In R. Leeson (Ed.), Hayek: A Collaborative Biography: Part V Hayek’s Great Society of Free Men. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

Other References

  1. Austrian Economics Newsletter. (1977). Cato Institute Promotes Austrian Economics in Printing and Lectures, 1(1).Google Scholar
  2. Austrian Economics Newsletter. (1978). CLS Summer Fellow, 1(3).Google Scholar
  3. Austrian Economics Newsletter. (1979). Summer Fellowships Program in Law and Economics, 2(1). https://mises.org/system/tdf/aen%20v.%202%2C%20no.%201%20Spring%201979_0.pdf?file=1&type=document.
  4. Ayau, M. F. (1984). Give Freedom Its Turn in Latin America. Imprimis, 13(11). https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/give-freedom-its-turn-in-latin-america/.
  5. Beckett, A. (2009). When the Lights Went Out: Britain in the Seventies. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  6. Blumert, B. (2008). Bagels, Barry Bonds and Rotten Politicians. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  7. Blundell, J. (2014). IHS and the Rebirth of Austrian Economics: Some Reflections on 1974–1976. Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 17(1), 92–107. https://mises.org/library/ihs-and-rebirth-austrian-economics-some-reflections-1974%E2%80%931976.
  8. Boettke, P. J. (1988). The Soviet Experiment with Pure Communism. Critical Review, 2(4), 149–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boettke, P. J. (1992, August 1). Friedrich A. Hayek (1899–1992). FEE. https://fee.org/articles/friedrich-a-hayek-1899-1992/.
  10. Boettke, P. J. (1995, May 1). The Story of A Movement: A Review Essay of Vaughn’s Austrian Economics in America. The Freeman, 322–326. https://fee.org/articles/the-story-of-a-movement/.
  11. Boettke, P. J. (2001). Calculation and Coordination Essays on socialism and transitional political economy. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Boettke, P. J. (2007). Boettke on Austrian Economics. EconTalk Episode with Pete Boettke Hosted by Russ Roberts. http://www.econtalk.org/archives/2007/12/boettke_on_aust.html.
  13. Boettke, P. J. (2010a, January 25). Exclusive Interview. Peter Boettke: The Transformative Rise of Austrian Economics By Anthony Wile. Daily Bell. http://www.thedailybell.com/exclusive-interviews/anthony-wile-peter-boettke-the-transformative-rise-of-austrian-economics/.
  14. Boettke, P. J. (2010b). Scale, Scope and the Political Economy of the State. Coordination Problem 20. http://www.coordinationproblem.org/2010/10/scale-scope-and-the-political-economy-of-the-state.html.
  15. Boettke, P. J. (2012). Interview with Peter Boettke. Rationality Unlimited. https://rationalityunlimited.wordpress.com/2012/04/02/interview-with-peter-boettke/.
  16. Boettke, P. J. (2014, June 7). Robert Leeson, Hayek and the Underpants Gnome. Coordination Problem. http://www.coordinationproblem.org/2014/06/robert-leeson-hayek-and-the-underpants-gnomes.html.
  17. Boettke, P. J. (2016, September 1). Richard Ebeling and FFF’s Austrian Economics Project. Coordination Problem. http://www.coordinationproblem.org/2016/09/richard-ebeling-and-fffs-austrian-economics-project.html.
  18. Brulle, R. J. (2014). Institutionalizing Delay: Foundation Funding and the Creation of U.S. Climate Change Counter-Movement Organizations. Climatic Change, 122(4), 681–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Buchanan, J. (1986, October 26). Why Governments ‘Got Out of Hand.’ The New York Times.Google Scholar
  20. Buchanan, J. (1992). I Did Not Call Him ‘Fritz’: Personal Recollections of Professor F. A. v. Hayek. Constitutional Political Economy, 3(2), 129–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Buckley, W. F., Jr., & Bozell, L. B. (1954). McCarthy and his Enemies: The Record and its Meaning. Chicago: Henry Regnery.Google Scholar
  22. Bump, P. (2016, January 29). In 1927, Donald Trump’s Father Was Arrested After a Klan Riot in Queens. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/02/28/in-1927-donald-trumps-father-was-arrested-after-a-klan-riot-in-queens/?utm_term=.8e701522912f.
  23. Caldwell, B. (2004). Hayek’s Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F.A. Hayek. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  24. Caldwell, B. (2005). Recovering Popper: For the Left? Critical Review, 17(1–2), 49–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Caldwell, B. (2007). Introduction and Editorial Notes. In B. Caldwell (Ed.), F.A. Hayek The Road to Serfdom Texts and Documents The Definitive Edition. The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  26. Caldwell, B. (2008). Hayek on Mill. History of Political Economy, 40(4), 689–704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chamberlain, J. (1974a, September 28). May We Borrow the Crystal Ball? Chicago Tribune. http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1974/09/28/page/34/article/may-we-borrow-the-crystal-ball.
  28. Chamberlain, J. (1974b). The 12-Year Sentence. The Freeman August, 501–504. http://www.unz.org/Pub/Freeman-1974aug-00501?View=PDF.
  29. Clifford, S., & Moynihan, C. (2017, August 4). Martin Shkreli Is Found Guilty of Fraud. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/04/business/dealbook/martin-shkreli-guilty.
  30. Coleman, K. (2002). CSUH Austrian Executive MBA Program Kaput Vienna Partner Cites Credentials Issue. The Pioneer, 8, 1–6.Google Scholar
  31. Conway, D. (1987). A Farewell to Marx: An Outline and Appraisal of His Theories. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  32. Conway, D. (1990). Review of Hans-Herman Hoppe’s A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 11–14. https://mises.org/system/tdf/aen11_1_1_2.pdf?file=1&type=document.
  33. Conway, D. (1995). Classical Liberalism: The Unvanquished Ideal. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  34. Conway, D. (2004). In Defence of the Realm: The Place of Nations in Classical Liberalism. Ashgate Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  35. Conway, D. (2008). Liberalism, Classical. In R. Hamowy (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: Cato, Sage.Google Scholar
  36. Cornuelle, R. (2011 [1965]). Reclaiming the American Dream: The Role of Private Individuals and Voluntary Associations. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Cubitt, C. (2006). A Life of August von Hayek. Bedford: Authors on line.Google Scholar
  38. Davenport, J. (1976, October 1). A Heartening Message from Youth. The Freeman. https://fee.org/articles/a-heartening-message-from-youth/.
  39. Davenport, J. (1981, March). Christianity, the Market and Beyond. Hillsdale College Lecture. Imprimus, 10(3). https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/christianity-the-market-and-beyond/.
  40. Davenport, J. (1985, June 14). Heel or No Heel. Letter to the Editor. National Review. MPS Archives Box 38.6.Google Scholar
  41. Davis, B. (2004, July 16). In Washington, Tiny Think Tank Wields Big Stick on Regulation with White House Ex-Staffers, Mercatus Helps Zap Codes It Says Hurts Business. Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/news/articles/SB108994396555065646.
  42. Dickinson, T. (2014, September 24). Inside the Koch Brothers Toxic Empire. Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/inside-the-koch-brothers-toxic-empire-20140924.
  43. DiLorenzo, T. (1999). The Practical Science of Austrian Economics: An Interview with Thomas J. DiLorenzo. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 19(4). https://mises.org/library/practical-science-austrian-economics-interview-thomas-j-dilorenzo.
  44. Doherty, B. (2007). Radicals for Capitalism: A Freewheeling History of the Modern. American Libertarian Movement. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  45. Ebeling, R. M. (1977, July). The Revival of Austrian Economics. Libertarian Review. http://www.unz.org/Pub/LibertarianRev-1977jul-00040.
  46. Ebeling, R. M. (1978). Review: On the Manipulation of Money and Credit. Austrian Economic Newsletter, 1(3).Google Scholar
  47. Ebeling, R. M. (1981). The Stockholm School of Economics: An Annotated Bibliography. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 3(2), 1–12. https://mises.org/system/tdf/aen%20v%203%2C%20no.%202%20Winter%201981_0.pdf?file=1&type=document.
  48. Ebeling, R. M. (1994, July 1). Review of Stephen Koch. Double Lives: Spies and Writers in the Secret Soviet War of Ideas Against the West by Stephen Koch. New York: Free Press. Future of Freedom Foundation. http://fff.org/explore-freedom/article/book-review-double-lives/.
  49. Ebeling, R. M. (2010, November 10). Austrian Economics Versus the Mainstream: An Interview with Richard M. Ebeling. Published in ‘Economistas Austríacos. Historias Personales e Ideas [The Austrian Economists: Personal Histories and Ideas] (Madrid: Unión Editorial, 2011), edited by Adrian Ravier, professor of economics at Universidad Francisco Marroquin in Guatemala.’ http://defenseofcapitalism.blogspot.com.au/2010/11/austrian-economics-versus-mainstream.html.
  50. Ebeling, R. M. (2014, May 5). Thomas Pikkety’s Inequality Trap Distracts from the Real Issue of Freedom. In Defence of Capitalism and Progress. http://blogs.northwood.edu/indefenseofcapitalism/category/classical-liberalism/.
  51. Ebeling, R. M. (2015, March 25). A World Without the Welfare State. Future of Freedom Foundation. https://www.fff.org/explore-freedom/article/world-without-welfare-state/.
  52. Ebeling, R. M. (2017, October 6). The Foundations of Prosperity and Freedom Interview with Richard Ebeling. The Citadel Newsroom. http://www.citadel.edu/root/the-foundations-of-prosperity-and-freedom.
  53. Ebeling, R. M., & Roche, L. (1999). The Age of Economists: From Adam Smith to Milton Friedman. Hillsdale, MI: Hillsdale College. Google Scholar
  54. Ebenstein, A. (2003). Friedrich Hayek: A Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  55. Edsall, N. (1986). Richard Cobden Independent Radical. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Evans, K. (2010, August). Spreading Hayek, Spurning Keynes. Professor Leads an Austrian Revival. Wall Street Journal, 28.Google Scholar
  57. Francis, S. (1995). In Rockwell, L. H. Jr. (Ed.), Murray Rothbard: In Memorandum. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  58. Frum, D. (2003, March 25). Unpatriotic Conservatives. National Review. http://www.nationalreview.com/article/391772/unpatriotic-conservatives-david-frum.
  59. Fund, J. H. (1986, July). Gaining Ground in Manhattan. Reason. MPS Archives Box 45.3.Google Scholar
  60. Gordon, D. (2013, April 18). The Kochtopus vs. Murray N. Rothbard, Part II. https://www.lewrockwell.com/2013/04/david-gordon/explaining-beltway-libertarians/.
  61. Grinder, W. (1977, July). Crosscurrents. Libertarian Review. https://www.libertarianism.org/lr/LR777.pdf.
  62. Grinder, W. (1978, March). Crosscurrents. Libertarian Review. https://www.libertarianism.org/lr/LR783.pdf.
  63. Haberler, G. (1986). Reflections on Hayek’s Business Cycle Theory. Cato Journal, 6(2), 421–435. https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato-journal/1986/11/cj6n2-4.pdf.
  64. Hall, C. (1986, October 17). Nobel Winner Links Economics, Politics, Law. USA Today. Davenport Archives Box 24.4.Google Scholar
  65. Hartwell, R. M. (1995). A History of the Mont Pelerin Society. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
  66. Hayek, F. A. (1945, January 20). Beveridge and a Free Society. Time and Tide.Google Scholar
  67. Hayek, F. A. (1949). The Intellectuals and Socialism. University of Chicago Law Review (Spring), 16(3), 417–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Hayek, F. A. (1962, July 1). The Moral Element in Free Enterprise. The Freeman. https://fee.org/articles/the-moral-element-in-free-enterprise/.
  69. Hayek, F. A. (1975). Face the Press. https://mises.org/library/hayek-meets-press-1975.
  70. Hayek, F. A. (1976a). Law, Legislation and Liberty: Volume II The Mirage of Social Justice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  71. Hayek, F. A. (1976b). Choice in Currency a Way to Stop Inflation. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  72. Hayek, F. A. (1977, September). An Interview with Friedrich Hayek. By Richard Ebeling. Libertarian Review, 10–18. Hayek Archives Box 109.14.Google Scholar
  73. Hayek, F. A. (1978). Oral History Interviews. Centre for Oral History Research, University of California, Los Angeles. http://oralhistory.library.ucla.edu/.
  74. Hayek, F. A. (1980). This Month’s Interviews. The American Council Economic Report, 1–11.Google Scholar
  75. Hayek, F. A. (1983, February). Interview with F.A. Hayek. Cato Policy Report. http://www.cato.org/policy-report/february-1982/interview-fa-hayek.
  76. Hayek, F. A. (1984, May–June). Exclusive Interview with F.A. Hayek. Cato Policy Report. https://www.cato.org/policy-report/mayjune-1984/exclusive-interview-fa-hayek.
  77. Hayek, F. A. (1988). The Fatal Conceit The Errors of Socialism. The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek (W. W. Bartley III, Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  78. Hayek, F. A. (1994). Hayek on Hayek an Autobiographical Dialogue. Supplement to the Collected Works of F.A. Hayek (S. Kresge & L. Wenar, Eds.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  79. Hayek, F. A. (1995). Contra Keynes and Cambridge The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek (B. Caldwell, Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  80. Hayek, F. A., Read, L., Hazlitt, H., Harper, F. A., & Velasco, G. (Eds.). (1971). Towards Liberty Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises (Vol. 2). Menlo Park: Institute for Humane Studies.Google Scholar
  81. Hoover, H. (1952). The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover, Vol. 3: The Great Depression 1929–1941. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  82. Hülsmann, J. G. (2007). Mises: The Last Knight of Liberalism. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  83. Hülsmann, J. G. (2008). Ethics of Money Production. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  84. Hunold, A. (Ed.). (1961a). Freedom and Serfdom: An Anthology of Western Thought. Holland: Springer, the Netherlands.Google Scholar
  85. Hunold, A. (1961b). How Mises Changed My Mind. Mises Daily. https://mises.org/library/how-mises-changed-my-mind.
  86. Hunold, A. (1962). How the Mont Pelerin Society Lost it’s Soul. Mimeo. Zurich. Hayek Archives Box 129.10.Google Scholar
  87. Ickes, H. L. (1953). The Secret Diary of Harold L. Ickes: The First Thousand Days. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  88. Jewkes, J. (1948). Ordeal by Planning. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  89. Johnson, P. B. (1988). Intellectuals. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  90. Keynes, J. M. (1923). A Tract on Monetary Reform. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  91. Keynes, J. M. (1936). General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. New York and London: Harcourt, Brace.Google Scholar
  92. Koether, G. (2000). A Life Among Austrians. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 20(3). https://mises.org/system/tdf/aen20_3_1_0.pdf?file=1&type=document.
  93. Lal, D. (2009). The Mont Pelerin Society: A Mandate Renewed. Mont Pelerin Society Presidential Address. http://www.econ.ucla.edu/lal/MPS%20Presidential%20Address%203.5.09.pdf.
  94. Lester, J. C. (2006). Review of Conway, D. In Defence of the Realm: The Place of Nations in Classical Liberalism Journal of Libertarian Studies, 20(3).Google Scholar
  95. Leube, K. R. (1976–1977). Hayek’s Perceptions of the ‘Rule of Law.’ Intercollegiate Review, 105–110.Google Scholar
  96. Leube, K. R. (1984, July). Essay: Hayek, Orwell, and the Road to Serfdom. Prometheus, 2(3). http://www.lfs.org/index.htm.
  97. Leube, K. R. (2003). Some Remarks on Hayek’s The Sensory Order. Laissez Faire 12–22. http://laissezfaire.ufm.edu/images/7/79/Laissezfaire18_2.pdf.
  98. MacLean, N. (2017). Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  99. Markowitz, M., & Rosner, D. (2001). Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (California/Milbank Books on Health and the Public). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  100. Martin, A. (2010, September). The Analects of Boettke. Journal of Private Enterprise, 26(1), 125–141.Google Scholar
  101. Mayer, J. (2010, August 30). Covert Operations: The Billionaire Brothers Who Are Waging a War Against Obama. New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/08/30/covert-operations.
  102. Mayer, J. (2016). Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  103. McCormick, D. (1976). Taken for a Ride: The History of Cons and Con-men. London: Hardwood Smart.Google Scholar
  104. McCormick, D. (pseudonym: Deacon, R.) (1979). The British Connection Russia’s Manipulation of British Individuals and Institutions. London: Hamish Hamilton.Google Scholar
  105. McFadden, R. (2014, April 2). Charles Keating, 90, Key Figure in ’80s Savings and Loan Crisis, Dies. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/business/charles-keating-key-figure-in-the-1980s-savings-and-loan-crisis-dies-at-90.html.
  106. Meier, B. (1996, August 25). Herbert Cornuelle, 76, Dies; Youngest Dole Co. President. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1996/08/25/us/herbert-cornuelle-76-dies-youngest-dole-co-president.html.
  107. Mises, L. (1951 [1932]). Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis (J. Kahane, Trans.). New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  108. Mises, L. (1956). The Anti-Capitalist Mentality. Canada: D. Van Nostrand Company.Google Scholar
  109. Mises, M. (1984). My Years with Ludwig von Mises (2nd ed.). Cedar Falls, IA: Center for Futures Education.Google Scholar
  110. Mises, L. (1985 [1927]). Liberalism in the Classical Tradition (R. Raico, Trans.). Auburn, AL: Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  111. Mises, L. (1998 [1949]). Human Action A Treatise on Economics the Scholars Edition. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  112. Mises, L. (2007 [1958]). Mises and Rothbard Letters to Ayn Rand. Journal of Libertarian Studies, 21(4), 11–16.Google Scholar
  113. Montes, L. (2015). Friedman’s Two Visits to Chile in Context. http://jepson.richmond.edu/conferences/summer-institute/papers2015/LMontesSIPaper.pdf.
  114. Murdoch, R. (1990). The War on Technology. City Journal. Manhattan Institute Third Annual Walter B. Wriston Lecture in Public Policy. http://www.city-journal.org/article01.php?aid=1631.
  115. North, G. K. (1971). Reason, Neutrality and the Free Market. Modern Age, 138–142. http://www.mmisi.org/ma/15_02/north.pdf.
  116. North, G. K. (1986). Editor’s Introduction to Robert L. Thoburn’s the Children’s Trap the Biblical Blueprint for Education. Tyler, TX: Dominion Press. https://www.garynorth.com/freebooks/docs/pdf/the_children_trap.pdf.
  117. North, G. K. (1999, August/September). Recollections of the 1974 South Royalston Conference on Austrian Economics. Biblical Economics Today, 21(5). http://www.garynorth.com/BET-Aug1999.PDF.
  118. North, G. K. (2010). It all began with Fred Schwartz. In W. Block (Ed.), I Chose Liberty: Autobiographies of Contemporary Libertarians. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  119. North, G. K. 2012. Disobedience and Defeat: An Economic Commentary on the Historical Books. Dallas, GA: Point Five Press. https://www.garynorth.com/DisobedienceAndDefeat.pdf.
  120. Orwell, G. (1933). Down and Out in Paris and London. London: Victor Gollancz.Google Scholar
  121. Raimondo, J. (2000). An Enemy of the State: The Life of Murray N. Rothbard. New York: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
  122. Redburn, T. (1993, December 31). Conservative Thinkers Are Insiders; It’s Now Their City Hall, and Manhattan Institute Is Uneasy. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1993/12/31/nyregion/conservative-thinkers-are-insiders-it-s-now-their-city-hall-manhattan-institute.html?pagewanted=all.
  123. Revere, R. H. (1959). Senator Joe McCarthy. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  124. Rizzo, M. (2010, May 20). Economic Perspectives Against the Welfare State. Christian Science Monitor. https://www.csmonitor.com/Business/ThinkMarkets/2010/0520/Economic-perspectives-against-the-welfare-state.
  125. Rockwell, L. H. Jr. (1989, November). The Mega-Economic Threat. Free Market, 7(11).Google Scholar
  126. Rothbard, M. N. (1971, February). Friedman Unravelled. The Individualist, 3–7.Google Scholar
  127. Rothbard, M. N. (1981, January–April). It Usually Ends with Ed Crane. Libertarian Foruml, 14(1–2). https://www.lewrockwell.com/1970/01/murray-n-rothbard/it-usually-ends-with-ed-crane/.
  128. Rothbard, M. N. (1990). A Conversation with Murray N. Rothbard. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 2(2). https://mises.org/library/rothbard-reader/html/c/368.
  129. Rothbard, M. N. (1992, March 3). His Only Crime Was Against the Old Guard. Los Angeles Times. https://history.fee.org/publications/his-only-crime-was-against-the-old-guard/.
  130. Rothbard, M. N. (1994, July). Revolution in Italy! Rothbard-Rockwell Report, 5(7), 1–10. http://www.unz.org/Pub/RothbardRockwellReport-1994jul-00001.
  131. Rothbard, M. N. (2001 [1962]). Man, Economy and State, with Power and Market: Scholars’ Edition. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  132. Rothbard, M. N. (2007). Betrayal of the American Right. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  133. Rothbard, M. N. (2010). Strictly Confidential: The Private Volker Fund Memos of Murray N. Rothbard (D. Gordon, Ed.). Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.Google Scholar
  134. Rothbard, M. N. (2012 [1979]). Myth and Truth About Libertarianism. https://mises.org/library/myth-and-truth-about-libertarianism.
  135. Rubin, H. (2007, September 15). Ayn Rand’s Literature of Capitalism. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/15/business/15atlas.html.
  136. Salerno, J. (2002). The Birth of Austrian Economics—In Light of Austrian Economics. The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 5(4), 111–128. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/243e/a7297ce00a52d97e570254d25e86a757f443.pdf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Schlesinger, A. M. (1960). The Politics of Upheaval. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  138. Schmidt, K. M. (2011). Not Afraid to Tell the Truth: Exposing Apostasy and Conspiracy of Silence in the Last Days. Bloomington: Xlibris ebook.Google Scholar
  139. Schulman, D. (2014). Sons of Wichita: How the Koch Brothers Became America’s Most Powerful and Private Dynasty. New York: Grand Central Publishing.Google Scholar
  140. Shenfield, A. 1983. Myth and Reality in Anti-Trust. Fourteenth Wincott Memorial Lecture, delivered at St John’s, Smith Square, London SW1, Thursday, 20 October 1983. Occasional Paper 66. London: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
  141. Shenfield, A. (1988 [1968]). On the State of Bad Economics. London: Libertarian Alliance. http://www.libertarian.co.uk/lapubs/econn/econn012.pdf.
  142. Shenoy, S. (2003). An Interview with Sudha Shenoy. Austrian Economics Newsletter, 1–8. http://mises.org/journals/aen/aen23_4_1.pdf.
  143. Simon, H. (1991). Models of My Life. New York: Basic Books, Sloan Foundation Series.Google Scholar
  144. Simon, E., Simon, S., Robson, W. A., & Jewkes, J. (2015 [1937]). Moscow in the Making. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  145. Skousen, M. (1991). Economics on Trial: Lies, Myths and Realities. Homewood, IL: Business One Irwin.Google Scholar
  146. Skousen, M. (1997). The Perseverance of Paul Samuelson’s Economics. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(2), 137–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Skousen, M. (2000, December). Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Robhard. Inside Liberty, 14(12), 52–53. http://mises.org/journals/liberty/Liberty_Magazine_December_2000.pdf.
  148. Skousen, M. (2008, February 28). Bill Buckley and Me a True Story. Human Events Powerful Conservative Voices. http://www.humanevents.com/2008/02/28/bill-buckley-and-me-a-true-story/.
  149. Skousen, M. (2009). The Making of Modern Economics: The Lives and Ideas of the Great Thinkers (2nd ed.). London: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  150. Sobran, M. J., Jr. (1975). Hayek and the Angels. National Review. Hayek Archives Box 167.Google Scholar
  151. Stigler, G. J. (1988). Memoirs of an Unregulated Economist. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  152. Stocks, M. D. (1963). Ernest Simon of Manchester. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.Google Scholar
  153. Sublett, S. (1987, July 30). Libertarians’ Storied Guru. Washington Times. MPS Archives Box 45.7.Google Scholar
  154. Thommesen, S., McCallie, J., & Shah, D. (1986). Hermeneutics a Conference Report. Austrian Economics Newsletter. https://mises.org/system/tdf/aen6_3_1_0.pdf?file=1&type=document.
  155. Trilling, L. (2008 [1950]). The Liberal Imagination Essays on Literature and Society. New York: New York Review of Books.Google Scholar
  156. Tugwell, R. (1972). In Search of Roosevelt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Vaughn, K. (1994). Austrian Economic in America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Vidal, J. (2000, November 14). Biopirates Who Seek the Greatest Prizes. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2000/nov/15/genetics2?INTCMP=SRCH.
  159. Wheeler, T. (1975, September 26). Mont Pelerin Society: Microeconomics, Macrofellowship. National Review.Google Scholar
  160. Wright, T. C., & Oñate, R. (2005). Chilean Diaspora. In C. R. Ember, M. Ember, & I. Skoggard (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World (Vol. II, pp. 57–65). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Notre Dame Australia UniversityFremantleAustralia

Personalised recommendations