Valuing Landscapes

  • Kimberly K. Smith
Part of the AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series book series (AESS)


Land management invorelves weighing the ecological, aesthetic, scientific, historical, economic, and other kinds of value the landscape holds for a community. In other words, it involves interpreting the meaning of the landscape. This chapter explores the ethical dimension of interpreting the landscape. It then focuses on two important sources of interpretive conflict: the meaning and value of wilderness (and the related concept of biodiversity) and the role of ecological knowledge in judging the aesthetic value of a landscape. It concludes by considering how interpreting the landscape may relate to social justice.

Further Reading

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  2. Callicott, B.: In Defense of the Land Ethic. SUNY Press, Albany (1989)Google Scholar
  3. Cronon, W.: The trouble with wilderness. In: Cronon, W. (ed.) Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature. WW Norton, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  4. Krieger, M.: What’s wrong with plastic trees? Science. 179, 446–55 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Leopold, A., Sand County, A.: Almanac with Essays on Conservation from Round River. Ballantine Books, New York (1966)Google Scholar
  6. McKibben, B.: The End of Nature. Anchor Books, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  7. Mill, J.S.: On nature. In: Three Essays on Religion. H. Holt, New York (1874)Google Scholar
  8. Saito, Y.: Appreciating nature on its own terms. In: Carlson, A., Lintott, S. (eds.) Nature, Aesthetics, and Environmentalism: From Beauty to Duty. Columbia University Press, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  9. Strayed, C.: Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail. Alfred A. Knopf, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  10. Taylor, P.: Respect for Nature. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1986)Google Scholar
  11. Young, I.: Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1990)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly K. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Carleton CollegeNorthfieldUSA

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