Justice and Political Duties

  • Kimberly K. Smith
Part of the AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series book series (AESS)


We expect governments and citizens to resolve environmental problems in a fair or just way. But what do we mean by justice? This chapter explores different concepts of justice, as well as the social contract theory of political obligation. It then examines the duties of government, citizens, and corporations with respect to the environment, introducing concepts such as environmental human rights, ecological citizenship, and corporate social responsibility.

Further Reading

  1. Aristotle: The Politics, 2nd ed. Trans. Carnes Lord. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (2013)Google Scholar
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  6. Dobson, A.: Citizenship and the Environment. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  9. Friedman, M.: The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. The New York Times Magazine, 13 September 1970.Google Scholar
  10. Goodin, R.: Protecting the Vulnerable. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1985)Google Scholar
  11. Google, Inc: Final prospectus (filed 18 August 2004)Google Scholar
  12. Picolotti, R., Taillant, J.D. (eds.): Linking Human Rights and the Environment. University of Arizona Press, Tucson (2003)Google Scholar
  13. Sagoff, M.: Can environmentalists be liberals. Environ. Law. 16, 775–796 (1986)Google Scholar
  14. Walker, M.U.: Restorative justice and reparations. J. Soc. Philos. 37(3), 377–395 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly K. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Carleton CollegeNorthfieldUSA

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