Survival and Longevity

  • Jo. M. Martins
  • Fei Guo
  • David A. Swanson


Human survival and longevity have changed dramatically over time. The importance of food availability to survival has been the subject of considerable discussion.


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (1988). Yearbook Australia 1988. Canberra.Google Scholar
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). (2002). Australia’s health 2002. Canberra.Google Scholar
  3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). (2016). Australia’s health 2016. Canberra.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, L. R. (1970). Seeds of change. New York: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC). (Undated). Leading causes of death 1900–1998. Retrieved September 19, 2016 from
  6. Das Gupta, P. (1971). Estimation of demographic measures for India 1881–1961 based on census age distribution. Population Studies, 25(3), 395–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dawkins, R. (2006). The selfish gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Diamond, J. (1999). Guns, germs, and steel. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  9. Evans, R. G., Barer, M. L., & Marmor, R. (Eds.). (1994). Why are some people healthy and other not? The determinants of health of populations. Hawthorn NY: Walter de Gruyter Inc.Google Scholar
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2015). The state of food insecurity in the world 2015. Rome.Google Scholar
  11. Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A. (1996). Epidemiology for public health practice. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publications.Google Scholar
  12. Hammer, J. S., Nabi, I., & Cercone, J. A. (1995). Distributional effects of social sector expenditures in Malaysia, 1974–89. In D. van de Walle & K. Nead (Eds.), Public spending and the poor—Theory and evidence. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Herskind, A. M., McGue, M., Holm, N. V., Sorensen, T. I., Harvald, B., & Vaupel, J. W. (1996). The heritability of human longevity: A population-based study of 2872 Danish twin pairs born 1870–1900. Human Genetics, 97(3), 319–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hjelmborg, J. V. B., Iachine, I., Skytthe, A., Vaupel, J. W., McGue, M., Koskenvuo, M., et al. (2006). Genetic influence on human lifespan and longevity. Human Genetics, 119, 312–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lancaster, H. O. (1990). Expectations of life. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lynch, J. W., Kaplan, G. A., & Salomen, J. T. (1997). Why do poor people behave poorly? Variation in adult health behaviours and psychosocial characteristics by stages of the socioeconomic lifecourse. Social Science and Medicine, 44(6), 809–819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Malthus, T. R. ([1798] 1980). An essay on the principle of population. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  18. McNeill, W. H. (1998). Plagues and peoples. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  19. Meegama, S. A. (1986). The mortality transition in Sri Lanka. In determinants of mortality change and differentials in developing countries: the five countries project. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  20. Mitchell, B. R. (1993). International historical statistics—The Americas 1750–1988 (2nd ed.). New York: Stockton Press.Google Scholar
  21. Omran, A. R. (1971). The epidemiological transition: A theory of the epidemiology of population change. The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 49(4), 509–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sen, A. (1981). Poverty and famines—An essay on entitlement and deprivation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sen, A. (2000). Development as freedom. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  24. Shaw, M., Dorling, D., & Smith, D. (1999). Poverty, social exclusion, and minorities. In M. Marmot & R. G. Wilkinson (Eds.), Social determinants of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Statistics New Zealand (SNZ). (undated). Infoshare. Retrieved September 23, 2016 from
  26. Suleiman, A. B. & Jegathesan, M. (undated). Health in Malaysia: Achievements and challenges. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Health.Google Scholar
  27. United Nations (UN). (2001). Population, environment and development—The concise report. New York.Google Scholar
  28. United Nations (UN). (2017). World population prospects—The 2017 revision—Volume I: Comprehensive tables. New York: P0opulation Division.Google Scholar
  29. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2015). Human development report 2015. New York.Google Scholar
  30. Van Oyen, H., Rowlands, M. & Tafforeau, J. (1994). Regional inequities in health expectancy in Belgium. In C. Mathers, J. McCallum, & J.-M. Robine. (Eds.), Advances in health expectancies. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.Google Scholar
  31. Wilkinson, R., & Marmot, M. (2003). Social determinants of health—The solid facts (2nd ed.). Copenhagen: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  32. Wingate, P. (1972). The Penguin medical encyclopedia. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  33. World Bank (WB). (1993). World development report 1993. New York.Google Scholar
  34. World Bank (WB). (2011). World development report 2012. Washington DC.Google Scholar
  35. World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). WHO methods and data sources for global burden of disease estimates 2000–2011. Geneva.Google Scholar
  36. World Health Organization (WHO). (2015). World health statistics 2015. Geneva.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marketing and ManagementMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of California RiversideRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations