The chapter sums up the results of the empirical research and assesses the long-term significance of socialist internationalism. Their experience with rebuilding the Socialist International helped many socialists involved to have a brilliant career in politics and diplomacy. They belonged to a fortunate generation of political leaders who shaped post-war Europe. The transnational socialist network influenced many political questions in the decades to come. However, its importance swung back and forth and often international contacts increased nationalism and mistrust. The conclusion warns us to give paramount attention to the national context and to treat the transnational and comparative approach as an integration, not a substitute, to traditional political history. At the same time, it reaffirms the importance of the need to keep studying the regular exchange of influences between the national and international spheres of socialism.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ettore Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarRomeItaly

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