The Labour Party and Italy, Social Democracy Below the Olive Line

  • Ettore Costa
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)

Abstract

The Italian Socialist Party was the exception of European socialism, not being reformist and anti-communist. The chapter describes how Nenni was expelled from the International Socialist Conference for allying with the Italian Communist Party and how the Italian social democrats emerged as a minority of supporters of the British model of socialism. The Labour Party supported them at Italian elections of 1948, but later Italian and European social democrats were deeply divided over coalition with the Christian Democrats and the Atlantic Treaty. Denis Healey quarrelled in public against Giuseppe Saragat, Marinus van der Goes van Naters and the British Foreign Office. Lack of money and the Italians’ reaction against the superiority complex of British culture hindered the intervention of Comisco in Italy. Political issues were affected by the stereotypes and ideas ingrained in British culture about Italy and Mediterranean peoples, since they dictated whether they were suited for social democracy.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ettore Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarRomeItaly

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