From the Old International to the New Internationalism (1940–45)

  • Ettore Costa
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)


This chapter describes the failure of the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) to deal with fascism and the popular front. The parties with government ambitions wished to reform the institution to increase their nationalist respectability, reducing internationalist ambitions and embarrassing entanglements. During the London exile, the features of post-war socialist internationalism emerged, including the leadership of the British Labour Party, the involvement of international socialism in factional divisions, the marginalisation of dissenting socialists. William Gillies postponed the issue of socialist cooperation until after the war, while minority internationalist groups, including Julius Braunthal, Louis De Brouckère and Harold Laski supported the swift revival of internationalism. Towards the end of the war, European socialists increased their pressure to revive cooperation and preliminary meetings took place.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ettore Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarRomeItaly

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