Individual Terrorism as a Response to the Distorted Phenomenon of Cultural Identity

  • Claudio. A. Payá-Santos
  • Juan José Delgado-Morán
  • Pablo Andrés Mazurier
Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)


This chapter analyses the phenomenon of terrorism from diverse theoretical perspectives in order to clarify the scope of the concepts of ideology and interpellation to study youngsters’ phenomenon of identification with the cause of, and subsequent voluntary support for, jihadism through lone wolves’ actions.


Terrorism Imagined Communities Interpellation Terrorist Lone Wolf 


  1. Alonso Pascual, R. (2009). Procesos de radicalización y reclutamiento en las redes de terrorismo yihadista. Cuadernos de Estrategia, 141.Google Scholar
  2. Althusser, L. (1974). “Práctica teórica y lucha ideológica” e “Ideología y Aparatos Ideológicos del Estado”, en La filosofía como arma de la revolución. México: Pasado y Presente.Google Scholar
  3. Althusser, L. (2008). Ideología y aparatos ideológicos del Estado. Buenos Aires: Nueva Visión.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, B. (1993). Comunidades imaginadas. Reflexiones sobre el origen y la difusión del nacionalismo. México DF: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
  5. Arendt, H. (1970). On violence. New York: Mariner Books.Google Scholar
  6. Amorós, C. (2007). “Ética y AntropologÍa” en Gómez, Carlos y Muguerza, Javier (Eds.), La aventura de la moralidad: Paradigmas, fronteras y problemas de la ética. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.Google Scholar
  7. Beyer, A. C. (2010). Counterterrorism and international power relations. IB Tauris, London: The EU, ASEAN and Hegemonic Global Governance.Google Scholar
  8. Bryant, K. M. (2014), Chicago school of criminology. The Encyclopedia of theoretical criminology (pp. 1–3). Wiley,
  9. Burton, F., & Stewart, S. (2008). The ‘Lone Wolf’ Disconnect, Stratfor Worldview, 30 January 2008. Available online at:
  10. Council of Europe. (2016). Parliamentary Assembly Resolution No. 2091, 27 January 2016.Google Scholar
  11. Dearden, L. (2016). ISIS: Up to 5,000 jihadists could be in Europe after returning from terror training camps abroad. The director of Europol said there was no evidence of Isis ‘systematically’ using the refugee crisis. 20 February 2016. Available online at Independent’s website:
  12. European Communities Commission. (2005). “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council concerning terrorist recruitment. Addressing the factors contributing to violent radicalisation”, Brussels, 21/09/2005, COM (2005) 313 final, European Communities Commission, p. 2. Available online at:
  13. Friedrichs, J. (2008). Fighting terrorism and drugs. London, Routledge: Europe and international police cooperation.Google Scholar
  14. Gurski, P. (2016). Western foreign fighters: The threat to homeland and international security (p.106). Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  15. Hernández Velasco, I. (2016, July 17), Yihadistas exprés, la nueva amenaza terrorista en Europa. Madrid: El Mundo.Google Scholar
  16. Holmer, G., & Shtuni, A. (2017, March). Returning foreign fighters and the reintegration imperative. United States Institute of Peace. Special Report No. 402,
  17. Højrup, T. (2003). State, culture and life-modes: The foundations of life-mode analysis. England: Ashgate Publishing.Google Scholar
  18. Horgan, J. (2005). The psychology of terrorism. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lifschitz, J. A., & Arenas Grisales, S. A. (2012). Memoria política y artefactos culturales. Estudios Políticos, Instituto de Estudios Políticos, Universidad de Antioquía, 40, 98–119.Google Scholar
  20. Mans, K., & Tuitel, R. (2016). Foreign fighters in their own words: Using Youtube as a source. The Hague: ICCT International Centre for Counter-Terrorism,
  21. Martin, G. (2011). The SAGE Encyclopedia of terrorism (p. 362). SAGE.Google Scholar
  22. Muñoz, P., & Pagola J. (2015). El retorno de yihadistas a Marruecos desde Siria amenaza a Ceuta y Melilla. ABC, 12 January 2015,
  23. Neumann, P., Rogers, B., Alonso, R., & Martínez, L. (2007, December). Recruitment and mobilisation for the islamist militant movement in Europe. Report by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR) at King’s College London, pp. 87–90.Google Scholar
  24. Parsons, T. (1985).El proceso de socialización y las escuelas paralelas: la clase como sistema social. Sociología de la educación: Textos fundamentales.Google Scholar
  25. Sageman, M., & Hoffman, B. (2014). The evolution of the global terrorist threat from 9/11 to Osama bin laden death. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Spaaij, R. (2012). Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism: Global patterns, motivations and prevention. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. von Clausewitz, C. (2005). De la guerra. Madrid: La esfera de los libros.Google Scholar
  28. UN Security Council (2014). Resolution No. 2178.Google Scholar
  29. Wilkinson, P. (2000). Terrorism versus Democracy: The liberal state response. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio. A. Payá-Santos
    • 1
  • Juan José Delgado-Morán
    • 1
  • Pablo Andrés Mazurier
    • 2
  1. 1.Antonio de Nebrija UniversityMadridSpain
  2. 2.Scuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly

Personalised recommendations