Nature of Lacustrine Sediments and Clogging Rate

Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter sediment discharge and the clogging rate are analysed in order to estimate the lifespan of Cuejdel Lake. The silting processes were identified through indirect calculation methods of soil erosion (USLE) and through geo-physical investigations (direct methods). Based on the indirect methodology of alluvial budget, the result indicates for the catchment area an alluvial production of 3288.5 m3/year (3.02 t/ha/year), in 23 years reaching ca. 75,635.93 m3. From the direct investigation methods, we mention the ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technology, a geo-physical tool accepted long time ago in scientific practice, but unfortunately, shortly used in limnological studies. The bathymetric measurements were concretized by the reconstruction of flooded valley and the achievement of the map of thickness sediments accumulated in the lake basin. In the present time, the water volume was reduced with 297,654.77 m3, from which 103,988.87 m3 were replaced by sediment deposits. The sediment thickness is between 0.1 and 3.6 m. The thickness class 0.1–1.0 m corresponds to 8.552 ha (60.7%) from the lake bottom, 1.0–2.0 m corresponds to 4.676 ha (33.32%), and the thickness class >2.01 m covers the rest of 8326.5 m2 (5.93%). The clogging thickness rate is between 1 and 16 cm/year which means a medium value of 4521.26 m3/year. This value, related to the catchment basin (8.94 km2) and to an effluence rate of 33%, indicates a medium production of sediments—4.33 t/ha/year.

Keywords

GPR Sonar Erosion Sedimentation Clogging rate 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Research Department—Field Science“Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of IaşiIaşiRomania

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