Towards a More Democratic and Sustainable Food System: The Reflexive Nature of Solidarity Purchase Groups and the Migrants’ Social Cooperative “Barikamà” in Rome

  • Daniela BernaschiEmail author
  • Giacomo Crisci
Part of the Cooperative Management book series (COMA)


Food insecurity, poverty and migration emergencies are the biggest challenges that all modern societies have to deal with. The aim of this paper is to explore the role played by civil society in dealing with these issues through a reflexive approach. Starting from addressing the multidimensional nature of food security, this deliverable comes to adopt the concept of a “democratic and sustainable food system”. This change of focus allows to encompass all the complementary issues: e.g. poverty reduction, environmental sustainability, social equity and social integration. Due to the complex nature of the matter, not only a strong local and global coordination is needed but also a reflexive approach. After introducing the concept of reflexivity, this paper addresses the crucial role that civil society organizations may play in the transition towards a more democratic and sustainable food system, focusing on solidarity purchase groups in Italy. In particular, this deliverable spotlights the collaboration between solidarity purchase groups (Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale—GAS-in Italian) and the migrants’ social cooperative “Barikamà” in Rome. That shows an interesting example of how civil society organizations may cope with poverty reduction, social integration and sustainability.


Democratic and sustainable food system Civil society organizations Migrants’ social cooperative 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political and Social SciencesUniversity of Florence and TurinFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Department of Planning and GeographyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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