Smart Lighting Controlling System: Case Study of Yarmouk University Museum

  • Mohammed Akour
  • Ziad Al Saad
  • Abdel Rahman Alasmar
  • Abdulraheem Aljarrah
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 738)


In museum, the light plays important role in viewing the value of the collections, but light might cause gradual objects damage. The light damages are permanent and cumulative. No object can be recovered from light damage. Resting objects from the effects of light does not mean that they could handle more light; the object will not “heal”. Typically, it is visible light that fades (or bleaches) colors. This light would come from the sun shining directly into museum. UV light will not only fade colors but it will cause “yellowing, chalking, weakening, and/or disintegration” of objects. UV light not only comes from the sun but also comes from some sources of artificial lighting, such as fluorescent. IR light heats the surface of objects, which then leads to the same conditions as Incorrect Temperature IR light comes from the sun as well as Incandescent lighting. In this paper, smart system is built to control the lights in the museum. The system is mainly consisting of thermal sensors that detect the presence of humans, DC LED spotlights, Arduino boards and Zigbee modules for a wireless communication to send data to a server. Once the visitor stops by the display, the thermal sensors will be able to detect that visitor and prepare to calculate several measurements. The system is already installed to be working in the Main Museum in the college of Archaeology and Anthropology as a prototype in Yarmouk University. The measurements show how the system is reliable and effective.


Sensor network Lighting system Smart museum, Arduino 



This project is funded by Yarmouk University under project number 2015/24.


  1. 1.
    C. Boye, F. Preusser, T. Schaeffer, UV-blocking window films for use in museums—revisited. WAAC Newslett. 32(1), 13–18 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Druzik, Illuminating alternatives: research in museum lighting. Getty Conservation Institute Newslett. 19(1) (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.L. Feller, The Deteriorating Effect of Light on Museum Objects, Museum News Technical Supplement No. 3 (American Association of Museums, Washington, DC, 1964)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W.P. Lull, with the assistance of Paul N. Banks, Conservation Environment Guidelines for Libraries and Archives (Canadian Council of Archives, Ottawa, ON, 1995)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Michalski, Light, ultraviolet and infrared, in Canadian Conservation Institute Caring for Collections, (2011) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Museum exhibit lighting, an interdisciplinary approach: conservation, design, and technology, in Proceedings of a workshop presented by the National Park Service and the American Institute for Conservation at the AIC Annual Meeting (1997)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Miller, Optics and Physiology of Human Vision in a Museum Environment (NoUVIR Research, Seaford, 1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T.T. Schaeffer, Effects of Light on Materials in Collections Data on Photoflash and Related Sources (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    National Park Service, Chapter 4: museum collections environment, in Museum Handbook, Part I: Museum Collections. Accessed 29 April 2014
  10. 10.
    S. Staniforth, Agents of deterioration, in Manual of Housekeeping: The Care of Collections in Historic Houses Open to the Public, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006), p. 51Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Staniforth, 10: relative humidity as an agent of deterioration, in Manual of housekeeping: the care of collections in historic houses open to the public, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Bullock, 9: light as an agent of deterioration, in Manual of Housekeeping: The Care of Collections in Historic Houses Open to the Public, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2006), p. 93Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Bachmann, Principles of storage, in Conservation Concerns: A Guide for Collectors and Curators, (Smithsonian Books, Washington, DC., 1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stefan Michalski, Agent of Deterioration: Light, Ultraviolet and Infrared (2016),
  15. 15.
    L. Schick, W.L. de Souza, A.F. do Prado, Wireless body sensor network for monitoring and evaluating physical activity, in Information Technology –New Generations, (Springer, Cham, 2018), pp. 81–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Akour
    • 1
  • Ziad Al Saad
    • 2
  • Abdel Rahman Alasmar
    • 1
  • Abdulraheem Aljarrah
    • 3
  1. 1.Computer Information Systems DepartmentYarmouk UniversityIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Archaeology and Anthropology DepartmentYarmouk UniversityIrbidJordan
  3. 3.Electrical and Computer Engineering DepartmentOakland UniversityRochesterUSA

Personalised recommendations