Conclusions: A Changing Erasmus

  • David Cairns
  • Ewa Krzaklewska
  • Valentina Cuzzocrea
  • Airi-Alina Allaste


In the closing chapter of the book, we bring together insights from the preceding discussion and consider the present state of Erasmus and its future prospects. In doing so, we reiterate the idea that Erasmus is, fundamentally, a pedagogical tool for the learning of mobility and building mobility capacity among European youth. While there is potential for Erasmus to contribute to innovation and economic development in the European Union, there are few signs that this is actually taking place. What is clearer is that the programme faces many challenges and needs to adapt to changing circumstances, with much of Europe appearing to be more concerned with introducing new borders rather than overcoming existing barriers to circulation.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Cairns
    • 1
  • Ewa Krzaklewska
    • 2
  • Valentina Cuzzocrea
    • 3
  • Airi-Alina Allaste
    • 4
  1. 1.ISCTE-University Institute of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  3. 3.University of CagliariCagliariItaly
  4. 4.Tallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia

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