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Distribution and Classification of Soils

  • Darío RodríguezEmail author
  • Guillermo A. Schulz
  • Alicia Aleksa
  • Leonardo Tenti Vuegen
Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

The systematic survey of the soils in Argentina began in the 1960s, led by the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA). The US Soil Taxonomy was adopted as the soil classification system from the beginning of the Soil map of the Pampean Region Project in 1964. This chapter gives a comprehensive overview of the Argentine soils on the basis of the cartographic and descriptive information of the Argentine Soil Atlas, gathered by soil experts of the institution. The overview comprises a brief description of the main characteristics and geographical location of the 12 soil orders and their suborders that were identified along the diverse landscapes found in the vast geography of the country. Mollisols, Entisols, and Aridisols are the most conspicuous soil orders since they cover almost two-thirds of the country.

Keywords

Soil orders Soil Taxonomy Soil maps Soil survey 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darío Rodríguez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillermo A. Schulz
    • 1
  • Alicia Aleksa
    • 1
  • Leonardo Tenti Vuegen
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Suelos, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)HurlinghamArgentina

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