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This chapter looks at diverse spatial practices of civilian resistance to wartime terror and violence in the besieged Sarajevo. The focus is on transformation of underground, semi-underground and above-ground spaces; appropriation of interior, interstitial and exterior spaces; and adaptation of spatial practices of everyday life and urban rhythms. The argument is that, through adaptation of the built environment, residents produced new spatial patterns of survival and defense through which they reconnected the city and reclaimed it for the spatial practices of moving, gathering and mixing. Civilian resistance operated through an inversion of architecture and urban space in a physical, discursive and experiential manner—places of oppression became spaces of liberation. This chapter highlights the capacities of civilian, bottom-up creative practices to adapt everyday spaces into tools of urban resilience.
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