Advertisement

The British Nationalist Right and the Gendering of Anti-migration Politics

  • Nicola Montagna
Chapter

Abstract

In recent years, particularly since EU enlargement in 2005 and the start of the economic and financial crisis in 2008, immigration has increasingly become a main source of concern within the wider population and a political cleavage. It was the second most important concern for voters in the 2010 general election, after the economy but above unemployment, and a key point in the Brexit referendum, while in the 2017 election, it featured high in the electoral debates. Similarly, immigration is a key topic in right-wing nationalist parties, contributing to the framing of their political agenda and their success. These parties prioritize immigration as a pressing political issue, regarding it as a cause of economic competition and a threat to national identity and security. Based on 36 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with female members and supporters of UKIP, the BNP, and the EDL carried out between September 2013 and December 2014, this chapter examines how women on the nationalist right frame migration and turn it into a political issue. In particular, it looks at the perception of migration in terms of “mass migration”; the perception of its impact on the labour market and the welfare state; and how migration is linked to the EU. These dimensions are examined with an emphasis on the gender perspective, that is, on the ways nationalist women activists assess the implications of migration for women in these three areas.

References

  1. Akkerman, Tjitske. 2015. Gender and the Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Policy Agendas. Patterns of Prejudice 49 (1–2): 37–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, William, and Scott Blinder. 2013. Migration in the News: Portrayals of Immigrants, Migrants, Asylum Seekers and Refugees in National British Newspapers, 2010 to 2012. Migration Observatory report: COMPAS, University of Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Banting, Keith G. 2000. Looking in Three Directions: Migration and the European Welfare State in Comparative Perspective. In Immigration and Welfare: Challenging the Borders of the Welfare State, ed. Michael Bommes and Andrew Geddes, 13–33. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Blee, Kathleen. 1996. Becoming a Racist: Women in Contemporary Ku Klux Klan and Neo-Nazi Groups. Gender and Society 10 (6): 680–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bulli, Giorgia, and Filippo Tronconi. 2012. Regionalism, Right-wing Extremism, Populism: The Elusive Nature of the Lega Nord. In Mapping the Far Right in Contemporary Europe. Local, National, Comparative, Transnational, ed. Andrea Mammone, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, 78–92. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Copsey, Nigel. 2010. The English Defence League: A Challenge to Our Country and Our Values of Social Inclusion, Fairness and Equality. London: Faith Matters.Google Scholar
  7. Farris, Sara. 2017. The Name of Women’s Rights: The Rise of Femonationalism. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ford, Robert, and Metthew Goodwin. 2014. Revolt on the Right: Explaining Support for the Radical Right in Britain. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Gillies, Val. 2013. Personalising Poverty: Parental Determinism and the Big Society Agenda. In Class Inequality in Austerity Britain. Power, Difference and Suffering, ed. William Atkinson, Steven Roberts, and Mike Savage, 90–110. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Giovannini, Eva. 2015. Europa Anno Zero. Il Ritorno dei Nazionalismi. Padova: Marsilio Editore.Google Scholar
  11. Goodhart, David. 2013. The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-War Immigration. London: Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
  12. Immerzeel, Tim, Hilde Coffé, and Tanja van der Lippe. 2015. Explaining the Gender Gap in Radical Right Voting: A Cross-National Investigation in Western European Countries. Comparative European Politics 13 (2): 263–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kitschelt, Herbert. 1995. The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  14. Koopmans, Ruud, Paul Statham, Marco Giugni, and Florence Passy. 2005. Contested Citizenship: Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  15. Malik, Kenan. 2014. Preface. In European Populism and Winning the Immigration Debate, ed. Clara Sandelind. Falun: ScandBook.Google Scholar
  16. Mammone, Andrea, Emmanuel Godin, and Brian Jenkins, eds. 2012. Mapping the Extreme Right in Contemporary Europe: From Local to Transnational. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. ———, eds. 2013. Varieties of Extreme Right-Wing Extremism in Europe. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Mayer, Nonna. 2013. From Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen: Electoral Change on the Far Right. Parliamentary Affairs 66: 160–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. von Mering, Sabine, and Wyman McCarty. 2013. Right-Wing Radicalism Today. Perspectives from Europe and the US. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. della Porta, Donatella, Manuela Caiani, and Claudius Wagemann. 2012. Mobilizing on the Extreme Right: Germany, Italy, and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Rydgren, Jens. 2007. The Sociology of the Radical Right. Annual Review of Sociology 33: 241–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. ———. 2008. Immigration Sceptics, Xenophobes or Racists? Radical Right-Wing Voting in Six West European Countries. European Journal of Political Research 47 (6): 737–765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Spencer, Sarah. 2011. The Migration Debate. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  24. Wodak, Ruth. 2015. The Politics of Fear. What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Montagna
    • 1
  1. 1.School of LawMiddlesex UniversityLondonUK

Personalised recommendations