Between Open and Closed

  • Karl G. Jechoutek
Part of the Humanism in Business Series book series (HUBUS)


The debate between an open and a closed world order impacts both religious ethics and business strategies. Both the open, free-market, liberal order and the closed, protectionist, illiberal order employ ethical arguments to make their case. Religious ethics can straddle this dichotomy by carefully balancing global and local responsibilities, the protection of global and local freedom, and diversity and homogeneity of societies.


Open liberal culture Closed protectionist culture Globalisation and ethics 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl G. Jechoutek
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarBadenAustria

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