Inherent Effects of Single-Particle Confinement

  • Manuel Vogel
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 100)


In the previous chapter, we have discussed the effects of field imperfections on the motion of a single confined particle in a Penning trap. These effects can in principle be avoided, and can in reality be minimised by careful choice of parameters and of the trap manufacturing details. Here, we will discuss effects that are inherent to the confinement situation and can thus not be avoided even in principle.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany

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