The Concept of Image Charges

  • Manuel Vogel
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 100)


Since non-destructive particle detection and frequency measurements in a Penning trap rely on image charges, we look at the amount of image charge and current created in different situations. This discussion naturally leads to a quantitative description of space charge and image charge effects.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion ResearchDarmstadtGermany

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