Advertisement

The Rise of Fianna Fáil and the Failure of the Constitution of the Irish Free State

  • Donal K. Coffey
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Modern Legal History book series (PMLH)

Abstract

The question of the establishment of the 1937 Constitution is inextricably linked to the failure of the 1922 Constitution. The failure to entrench the 1922 Constitution, either as a matter of legal or political constitutionalism, undermined its theoretical underpinnings as a form of higher law—a fact that was appreciated at the time. The rise of the nationalist Fianna Fáil government coincided, and indeed prompted, this erosion of constitutional norms in the Free State. Notwithstanding this erosion, in their first year in office, Fianna Fáil were to find themselves institutionally frustrated in the controversies relating to the governor-general and the oath of allegiance.

Bibliography

  1. Cahillane, Laura. “An Insight into the Irish Free State Constitution.” American Journal of Legal History 54 (2014): 1–38.Google Scholar
  2. ———. Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
  3. Coffey, Donal K. “The Judiciary of the Irish Free State.” Dublin University Law Journal 33 (2011), 61–74.Google Scholar
  4. ———. “The Need for a New Constitution: Irish Constitutional Change 1932–1935.” Irish Jurist 47, no. 2 (2012): 275–302.Google Scholar
  5. ———. “1916, 1921 and the ‘Destruction of the Legal Unity of the British Empire.’” Dublin University Law Journal 39, no. 2 (2016): 333–348.Google Scholar
  6. ———. “The Commonwealth and the Oath of Allegiance Crisis: A Study in Inter-War Commonwealth Relations.” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 44, no. 3 (2016): 492–512.Google Scholar
  7. ———. “Comparative and Institutional Perspectives on the Exercise of the Judicial Power in the Irish Free State.” In Judicial Power in Ireland, edited by Eoin Carolan. Irish Academic Press, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  8. Davis, Fergal Francis. The History and Development of the Special Criminal Court, 1922–2005. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  9. Documents on Irish Foreign Policy Volume I, 1919–1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1998.Google Scholar
  10. Documents on Irish Foreign Policy, Volume IV, 1932–1936. Dublin, 2004.Google Scholar
  11. Gallagher, Frank. King and Constitution. Dublin: Fianna Fáil, n.d.Google Scholar
  12. Golding, G.M. George Gavan Duffy 1882–1951. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  13. Harkness, David. The Restless Dominion: The Irish Free State and the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1921–31. London: Macmillan, 1969.Google Scholar
  14. ———. “Mr de Valera’s Dominion: Irish Relations with Britain and the Commonwealth, 1932–1938.” Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies 8, (1970): 206–228.Google Scholar
  15. Harrison, Henry. Ireland and the British Empire, 1937: Conflict or Collaboration? London: Robert Hale, 1937.Google Scholar
  16. Jennings, R.Y. “The Commonwealth and International Law.” British Yearbook of International Law 30 (1953): 320–351.Google Scholar
  17. Keane, Ronan. “Across the Cherokee Frontier of Irish Constitutional Jurisprudence: The Sinn Féin Funds Case: Buckley v Attorney General (1950).” In Leading Cases of the Twentieth Century, ed. Eoin O’Dell, 185. Dublin: Round Hall Sweet & Maxwell, 2000.Google Scholar
  18. Keith, Arthur Berriedale. Letters on Imperial Relations Indian Reform Constitutional and International Law 1916–1935. London: Oxford University Press, 1935.Google Scholar
  19. Kelly, John Maurice. Fundamental Rights in the Irish Law and Constitution. Dublin: Figgis, 1961.Google Scholar
  20. Kennedy, Michael. Ireland and the League of Nations 1919–1946: International Relations, Diplomacy and Politics. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  21. Keogh, Dermot, and Andrew McCarthy. The Making of the Irish Constitution: Bunreacht na hÉireann. Cork: Mercier Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  22. Kissane, Bill. New Beginnings: Constitutionalism & Democracy in Modern Ireland. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  23. Kohn, Leo. The Constitution of the Irish Free State. London: George Allen & Unwin Limited, 1932.Google Scholar
  24. Laffan, Michael. Judging W.T. Cosgrave: The Foundation of the Irish State. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2014.Google Scholar
  25. MacNeill, John Gordon Swift. Studies in the Constitution of the Irish Free State. Dublin: Talbot Press, 1925.Google Scholar
  26. Malone, Andrew. “Party Government in the Irish Free State.” Political Science Quarterly 44 (1929): 363–378.Google Scholar
  27. Mansergh, Nicholas. The Unresolved Question: The Anglo-Irish Settlement and its Undoing 1912–72. London: Yale University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
  28. McMahon, Deirdre. “‘A Transient Apparition’: British Policy towards the de Valera government, 1932–5.” Irish Historical Studies, 22, no. 88 (1981): 331–361.Google Scholar
  29. ———. “The Chief Justice and the Governor General Controversy in 1932.” Irish Jurist 17 (1982): 145–167.Google Scholar
  30. ———. Republicans and Imperialists: Anglo-Irish Relations in the 1930s. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  31. Mohr, Thomas. “The Foundations of Irish Extra-Territorial Legislation.” Irish Jurist 40, (2005), 86–110.Google Scholar
  32. ———. The Irish Free State and the Legal Implications of Dominion Status (Vol. 1). PhD Thesis, University College Dublin, 2007.Google Scholar
  33. ———. “British Imperial Statutes and Irish Sovereignty: Statutes Passed after the Creation of the Irish Free State.” Journal of Legal History 32 (2011): 61–85.Google Scholar
  34. ———. “Lord Cave, the British Empire and Irish Independence—A Test of Judicial Integrity.” Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal 12, no. 2 (2012): 229–260.Google Scholar
  35. ———. “The Statute of Westminster, 1931: An Irish Perspective.” Law and History Review 31, no. 4 (2013): 749–791.Google Scholar
  36. ———. Guardian of the Treaty: The Privy Council Appeal and Irish Sovereignty. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016.Google Scholar
  37. Ó Longaigh, Seosamh. Emergency Law in Independent Ireland 1922–1948. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  38. Regan, John M. The Irish Counter-Revolution 1921–1936. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1999.Google Scholar
  39. Sexton, Brendan. Ireland and the Crown 1922–1936: The Governor-Generalship of the Irish Free State. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1989.Google Scholar
  40. Walker, Graham. “‘The Irish Dr. Goebbels:’ Frank Gallagher and Irish Republican Propaganda.” Journal of Contemporary History 27 (1992): 149–165.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donal K. Coffey
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for European Legal HistoryFrankfurt am MainGermany

Personalised recommendations