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An Introduction to Nanomaterials

  • Fatma Hadef
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 14)

Abstract

Nanotechnology can be defined as the systematic study of materials that have properties critically dependant on length scales on the order of nanometers. Such novel and improved properties make nanoscale materials promising candidates for a wide range of applications that are expected to improve our lifestyles. Here, I review different aspects of nanotechnology. This paper describes first, definitions and classifications of nanomaterials reported in published research works. Then, I disscuss the most enhanced properties of manufactured nanomaterials. This will be followed by a description of the synthesis methods being used to obtain nanostructured materials. Nanotechnology applications in the energy, environment, nanomedicine, sensors, nanoelectronics, textile, food and agriculture fields are discussed in the last section.

Keywords

Nanostructures Nanotechnology Natural nanomaterials Classification Atomic structure Grain boundaries Surface area Manufacturing technologies Enhanced properties Potentiel applications 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique, Algeria.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatma Hadef
    • 1
  1. 1.DÕpartement de Physique, FacultÕ des SciencesUniversitÕ 20 Août 1955-SkikdaSkikdaAlgeria

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