Exclusive Fishing Zone for Small-Scale Fisheries in Northern Chocó, Colombia: Pre- and Post-implementation

  • Viviana Ramírez-LunaEmail author
  • Ratana Chuenpagdee
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 19)


Exclusive fishing zones (EFZs) are a type of place-based management tool designed primarily to mitigate conflicts between fishing sectors by granting exclusive rights to one sector to fish the resources that occur in a specific area. As with other tools, several factors can determine effectiveness of EFZs, and knowing what these factors are could lead to improving how the tool is performed. The effectiveness of EFZs depends first and foremost on the way in which they are considered, how they are introduced, and by whom. Such an understanding is especially pertinent when EFZs involve small-scale fisheries in order to avoid violation of rights or the displacement of livelihoods. Learning about the effects of EFZs on small-scale fisheries provides useful insights for the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF Guidelines), which were developed to protect the rights of small-scale fishers and fish workers around the world. Under this premise, this chapter presents a case study of an EFZ established in Chocó, Colombia, in 2008. Specifically, it examines the pre- and post-implementation processes of the Chocó-EFZ, asking questions about what triggered its establishment, who was involved in the process, who was excluded, and what challenges it faced in the implementation. Finally, insights from the case study are drawn, along with a discussion of the implications for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines in Colombia.


Small-scale fisheries Fishing conflicts Exclusive fishing zones Pre- and post-implementation processes SSF Guidelines 



This chapter is part of V. Ramírez-Luna’s master thesis (2013); she wishes to thank the support of their Thesis Committee members B. Neis, D. Schneider, and R. Chuenpagdee, as well as the support of SQUALUS Foundation, GIS specialists A. Torres and D. Mercer, local research assistants A. Zita and T. Villalba, and key informants who shared their time, insights, and knowledge. V. Ramírez-Luna also thanks AUNAP for authorizing the use of the Chocó-EFZ/Special Zone map. Production of the thesis benefitted from financial support from B. Neis’ Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation Fellow funds and D. Schneider’s Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) funds and from fellowship support from the School of Graduate Studies of Memorial University of Newfoundland. V. Ramírez-Luna and R. Chuenpagdee wish to thank the reviewers for their constructive feedback.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fundación Colombiana para la Investigación y Conservación de Tiburones y Rayas SQUALUSCaliColombia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada

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