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Socioeconomic Monitoring for Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries: Lessons from Brazil, Jamaica, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines

  • Peter EdwardsEmail author
  • Maria Pena
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
  • Patrick McConney
Chapter
  • 388 Downloads
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 19)

Abstract

Obtaining reliable socioeconomic information on small-scale fisheries for use in decision-making at multiple levels of governance remains a challenge for conventional approaches to data gathering, analysis, and interpretation on a global scale. Fisheries information is most often derived from biophysical data rather than human or socioeconomic sources. Even where socioeconomic data are used, the complexity of small-scale fisheries as adaptive social-ecological systems (SES) presents further challenges to aligning information, interventions, and objectives. This chapter presents the Global Socioeconomic Monitoring Initiative for Coastal Management (SocMon) methodology for assessing the social-ecological dynamics of small-scale fisheries. It uses case studies from the Caribbean region, where SocMon has been applied for over 10 years, and from Brazil, which recently implemented the methodology. The cases examine how three features of SocMon—comprehensive socioeconomic data gathering linked to biophysical parameters, participatory methods that include stakeholders in data collecting and management, and integrated information and knowledge mobilization for decision-making—contribute to better understanding of small-scale fisheries dynamics. The cases outline challenges to implementing SocMon from a fisheries adaptive co-management perspective. The SocMon participatory methodology for monitoring socioeconomic dimensions and dynamics was found suitable for informing adaptive co-management and developing adaptive capacity in small-scale fisheries.

Keywords

Socioeconomic monitoring Caribbean Jamaica Brazil Coastal communities Socio-ecological 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Edwards
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Maria Pena
    • 3
  • Rodrigo Pereira Medeiros
    • 4
  • Patrick McConney
    • 3
  1. 1.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coral Reef Conservation Program, Office for Coastal ManagementSilver SpringUSA
  2. 2.The Baldwin Group Inc.ManassasUSA
  3. 3.Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (CERMES)The University of the West IndiesBarbadosJamaica
  4. 4.Centro de Estudo do MarUniversidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil

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