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The Challenge of Managing Amazonian Small-Scale Fisheries in Brazil

  • Priscila F. M. LopesEmail author
  • Gustavo Hallwass
  • Alpina Begossi
  • Victória J. Isaac
  • Morgana Almeida
  • Renato A. M. Silvano
Chapter
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 19)

Abstract

Amazonian fisheries in Brazil contribute to the food security of over 20 million people who are mostly poor. However, multiple examples suggest that freshwater fish stocks may be under the same overfishing threats observed in marine fisheries, in addition to all the risks imposed by infrastructure development projects. While such threats may push some of these vulnerable people to the edge as some fisheries collapse, others will be pushed toward makeshift or elaborated solutions which can help them to maintain or restore local fisheries. In this chapter, we first adopt a theoretical approach to explore the main threats to Amazonian small-scale fisheries and their direct impacts on people’s livelihoods. We then move on to an empirical solution-based comparison between different types of co-management initiatives, using case studies developed within a protected area framework and community-based arrangements. We expect to show how small-scale fishers themselves can be the best, and sometimes the only, alternative for management. The different kinds of management broaden the application of eventual patterns, discrepancies, limitations, and solutions identified for Amazon to inland fisheries.

Keywords

Co-management Hydropower development Amazonian protected areas Fishing agreements Food security 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Priscila F. M. Lopes
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Gustavo Hallwass
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alpina Begossi
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  • Victória J. Isaac
    • 6
  • Morgana Almeida
    • 6
  • Renato A. M. Silvano
    • 2
    • 7
  1. 1.Fishing ecology, management, and economics group - Departament of EcologyFederal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  2. 2.FIFO – Fisheries and Food InstituteSantosBrazil
  3. 3.Federal University of ParáBelémBrazil
  4. 4.Capesca, NepaUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  5. 5.Ecomar, UnisantaSantosBrazil
  6. 6.Laboratório de Biologia Pesqueira e Manejo de Recursos Aquáticos, Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal do ParáBelémBrazil
  7. 7.Department of EcologyFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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