How to Develop Well-Being Survey Questions for Young Children: Lessons Learned from Cross-Cultural Cognitive Interviews

  • Renata Franc
  • Ines Sučić
  • Toni Babarović
  • Andreja Brajša-Žganec
  • Ljiljana Kaliterna-Lipovčan
  • Ivan Dević
Part of the Children’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research book series (CHIR, volume 19)


There are several major challenges related to conducting cross-cultural well-being surveys, which are even more pronounced when respondents are young children. In order to explore how young children from different countries understand, interpret and process well-being survey questions, within the MYWeB project, the cognitive interviews (CI) study was conducted with young children in six European countries. The specific research objective was to test new/adapted measures of well-being, and the CI testing was focused on comprehension and appropriateness of items and exact wording, recall and judgement in the given time frames, and the given response format among young children. The CI study was conducted in three consecutive rounds, in total, 77 seven year-olds and 118 eight year-olds (N = 195) were interviewed by 26 interviewers. The chapter discuss the main findings and presents general recommendations on how to develop and conduct a well-being survey that is age-appropriate for young children.


Survey design Young children Cognitive interviews Response scales Time frames 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Franc
    • 1
  • Ines Sučić
    • 1
  • Toni Babarović
    • 1
  • Andreja Brajša-Žganec
    • 1
  • Ljiljana Kaliterna-Lipovčan
    • 1
  • Ivan Dević
    • 1
  1. 1.Ivo Pilar Institute of Social SciencesZagrebCroatia

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