Advertisement

The Impact of Terrorism on Officers’ Families

  • Neil Southern
Chapter

Abstract

The familial impact of terrorism is an area of terrorism studies which is seriously under-researched and thus poorly understood. The IRA’s off-duty targeting strategy meant that officers were vulnerable to attack when they were at home. This had a negative effect on family life. In addition to officers having to remain security conscious, so did their wives and children. Some officers who were under threat, had to move home. This caused serious social disruption to the officer’s family. The ‘police family’ had an important social part to play in providing support for RUC families during the Troubles. This chapter explores the impact of terrorism on RUC officers’ families and pays particular attention to families which have suffered bereavement.

Keywords

RUC wives ‘Police family’ Familial impact of terrorism Bereavement 

References

  1. Ashe, F. (2012). Gendering War and Peace: Militarized Masculinities in Northern Ireland. Men and Masculinities, 15(3), 230–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BBC. (1998). Tit-for-tat Murders in N Ireland. Available from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/48753.stm.
  3. Bowlby-West, L. (1983). The Impact of Death on the Family System. Journal of Family Therapy, 5, 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brewer, J., & Magee, K. (1991). Inside the RUC: Routine Policing in a Divided Society. New York: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  5. Collins, B., & Gibbs, A. (2003). Stress in Police Officers: A Study of the Origins, Prevalence and Severity of Stress-Related Symptoms Within a County Police Force. Occupational Medicine, 53(4), 256–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Connolly, P., & Healy, J. (2004). Children and the Conflict in Northern Ireland: The Experiences and Perspectives of 3–11 Year Olds. Available from http://www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/childrenandconflict.pdf.
  7. Crawley, E. (2002). Bringing It All Back Home? The Impact of Prison Officers’ Work on Their Families. Probation Journal, 49(4), 277–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Daily Mail. (2012). Spending too Much Time at Work When the Children Were Young Is a Parent’s Biggest Regret. Available from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2203025/Spending-time-work-children-young-parents-chief-regret.html.
  9. Finch, J. (1983). Married to the Job: Wives’ Incorporation in Men’s Work. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  10. Gajdos, K. (2002). The Intergenerational Effects of Grief and Trauma. Illness, Crisis & Loss, 10(4), 304–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gonzalez-Perez, M. (2008). Women and Terrorism: Female Activity in Domestic and International Terror Groups. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamilton, C. (2007). The Gender Politics of Political Violence: Women Armed Activists in ETA. Feminist Review, 86, 132–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hasso, F. (2005). Discursive and Political Deployments by/of the 2002 Palestinian Women Suicide Bombers/Martyrs. Feminist Review, 81(1), 23–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jackson, S., & Maslach, C. (1982). After Effects of Job-Related Stress: Families as Victims. Journal of Occupational Behaviour, 3, 63–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kop, N., Euwena, M., & Schaufeli, W. (1999). Burnout, Job Stress and Violent Behaviour Among Dutch Police Officers. Work and Stress, 13(4), 326–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Loughran, C. (1986). Armagh and Feminist Strategy: Campaigns Around Republican Women Prisoners in Armagh Jail. Feminist Review, 23, 59–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Machel, G. (1996). The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, United Nations. Available from http://www.unicef.org/graca/a51-306_en.pdf.
  18. Majendie, P. (1991). N. Ireland Police Live with Constant Fear. Reuters. Available from http://articles.latimes.com/1991-04-28/news/mn-1460_1_n-ireland-police-live.
  19. McCartney, J. (2012). The DUP’s Nigel Dodds May Soon Be Propping Up the Tories. What Does He Want?, The Spectator. Available from http://www.spectator.co.uk/features/9506862/the-dups-nigel-dodds-may-be-about-to-hold-westminsters-balance-of-power-so-what-does-he-want/.
  20. Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of the 12th August 1949. Available from https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%201125/volume-1125-I-17512-English.pdf.
  21. Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shirlow, P., Graham, B., Murtagh, B., Robinson, G., & Southern, N. (2005). Negotiating Change: Sharing and Conflict Amelioration in Derry/Londonderry. Belfast: OFMDFM, Equality Unit/Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust. Google Scholar
  23. Smyth, M. (1996). Two Policy Papers. Londonderry: Templegrove Action Research.Google Scholar
  24. Smyth, M. (2004). The Impact of Political Conflict on Children in Northern Ireland. ICR Institute for Conflict Research. Available from http://conflictresearch.org.uk/reports/young-people/CCIC-Report-The-Impact-of-Political-Conflict-on-Children.pdf.
  25. Southern, N. (2006). Reconciliation in Londonderry: The Challenges and Constraints Experienced by Protestant Clergy. Peace and Change, 31(4), 506–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Stroebe, M., Schut, H., & Boerner, K. (2013). Bereavement: A Family Affair. Family Science, 4(1), 1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. UN Report. (2004). Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. Available from http://www.unhcr.org/43ce1cff2.html.
  28. Vachon, M., & Stylianos, S. (1988). The Role of Social Support in Bereavement. Journal of Social Issues, 44(3), 175–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Sociology and PoliticsSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations