Thinking Outside the Classroom
- 525 Downloads
This chapter introduces and discusses alternative learning programmes that operate outside of the traditional confines of school, usually applying adult learning methodologies, often employing the creative arts as a point of interest for young people otherwise disengaged from the standard curriculum, and mostly delivered not by schoolteachers but by community educators, parents, and many others. They are a form of education now characterised as part of the ‘Not- school’ movement, which includes all out-of-school educational experiences such as homeschooling, which itself is part of an emerging trend of ‘unschooling’. School leaving age and school retention are all issues related to how long we expect young people to remain in institutionalised learning situations, while pathways to further education and/or careers are no longer simply linear, and gap years are becoming the norm. These trends require us to think outside traditional classroom and school structures.
KeywordsHomeschooling parentsParents Independent School Students South Australian Certificate communityCommunity
- ABC Radio National. (2008, April 28). Life Matters. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.Google Scholar
- ABC Radio National. (2017, June 2). The World Today. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.Google Scholar
- ABC TV. (2017, June 3). School’s out. Compass. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.Google Scholar
- Bills, A., & Howard, N. (2016). What then must we do? Rethinking social inclusion policy for educational attainment in South Australia. Journal of Educational Enquiry, 15(1), 25–43.Google Scholar
- Cremin, C. (2007). Living and really living: The gap year and the commodification of the contingent. Ephemera, 7(4), 526–542.Google Scholar
- Doll, W. (2008). Complexity and the culture of curriculum. Chapter 13. In M. Mark (Ed.), Complexity theory and the philosophy of education. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Durrell, G. (1962). My family and other animals. Victoria: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Holt, J. (1980). The natural child project. https://web.archive.org/web/20110923153702/http://www.naturalchild.org:80/guest/marlene_bumgarner.html. Accessed 7 July 2017.
- Holt, J. (2004). Instead of education: Ways to help people do things better. Boulder: Sentient Publications.Google Scholar
- Hoover, E. (2001). More students decide that college can wait. Chronicle of Higher Education, 48(2), A51–A52.Google Scholar
- Hurst, A. (2014). The purpose economy: How your desire for impact, personal growth and community is changing the world. Boise: Elevate.Google Scholar
- Hurt, J. (2008, June 21). Backpackers off to save the world. The Advertiser, p. 19.Google Scholar
- Illich, I. (1971). Deschooling society. New York: Marion Boyars.Google Scholar
- Lane, B. (2008, May 7). Gaps show failings of youth allowance. The Australian, p. 23.Google Scholar
- Lawson, H. (2016). Categories, boundaries and bridges: The social geography of schooling and the need for new institutional designs. Education Sciences, 6(32), 1–14.Google Scholar
- Loyd, S. (1914). Cyclopedia of puzzles. New York: The Lamb publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Maslen, G. (2013, November 11). Students find clarity in gap years. Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/national/education/students-find-clarity-in-gap-years-20131110-2x9p3.html. Accessed 9 July 2017.
- Sefton-Green, J. (2013). Learning at not-school: A review of study, theory and advocacy for education in non-formal settings. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, A. (2016, February 7). Home-schooled kids perform better in NAPLAN: Report. Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/homeschooled-kids-perform-better-in-naplan-report-20160204-gmlgu9.html. Accessed 8 July 2017.
- Stehlik, T. (2006). Levels of engagement: Report of findings prepared for the social inclusion unit on the action research project across school retention initiatives. Adelaide: UniSA/South Australian Government.Google Scholar
- Turnbull, C. (2017, April 17). Every student should consider doing transition year. Western People.Google Scholar