Advertisement

Polarizing Natural Nanostructures

  • Kenneth Järrendahl
  • Hans Arwin
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 52)

Abstract

The first part of this chapter gives a brief description of the polarizing environment we are living in and the possibilities for some animals to detect this polarization. This is followed by a presentation of how animals and plants generate polarized light, usually through reflection from micro- and nanostructures. Special attention is made to scarab beetles reflecting light with a high degree of circular polarization. The use of Mueller matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry to obtain optical and structural properties of the beetle cuticle are demonstrated. Finally some comments on the biological aspects of polarization are made.

Keywords

Polarization in nature Polarization vision Mueller matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry Degree of linear polarization Degree of circular polarization Scarab beetles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Our own results presented in this chapter were obtained with the help of Jens Birch, Lia Fernández del Río, Johan Gidholm, Jan Landin, Roger Magnusson, Sergiy Valyukh and Christina Åkerlind from our department. We are also grateful for the fruitful collaboration with Arturo Mendoza-Galván and Eloy Muñoz-Pineda at Cinvestav Querétaro (Mexico), Razvigor Ossikovski and Enric Garcia-Caurel at Ecole Polytechnique Palaiseau (France) and their colleagues. The Swedish Research Council is acknowledged for financial support and Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation for support to instrumentation. We also want to acknowledge financial support from the Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linköping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU # 2009-00971).

References

  1. 1.
    G.P. Können, Polarized Light in Nature (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Horváth, D. Varjú, Polarized Light in Animal Vision: Polarization Patterns in Nature (Springer, Heidelberg, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.H. Goldstein, Polarized Light (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.M.A. Azzam, N.M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1986)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.S. Smith, Am. J. Phys. 75, 25 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Shashar, T.W. Cronin, L.B. Wolff, M.A. Condon, Biotropica 30, 275 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Voshchula, A.Yu. Zhumar, O.V. Tsaryuk, Biophysics 52, 418 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Horváth, J. Gál, T. Labhart, R. Wehner, J. Exp. Biol. 205, 3281 (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Collett, Polarized Light, Fundamentals and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Sabbah, A. Lerner, C. Erlick, N. Shashar, Recent Res. Dev. Exp. Theor. Biol. 1, 1 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.H. Waterman, Science 120, 927 (1954)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T.H. Waterman, in Comparative Physiology and Evolution of Vision in Invertebrates B: Invertebrates Visual Centers and Behavior I, ed. by H. Autrum (Springer, Berlin, 1981)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Schwind, J. Comp. Physiol. A 154, 53 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Dacke, P. Nordström, C.H. Scholtz, J. Exp. Biol. 206, 1535 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Brady, M. Cummings, Am. Nat. 175, 614 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Warrant, Curr. Biol. 20, R610 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Kleinlogel, A.G. White, PLoS ONE 3, 1 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.W. Hawryshyn, Am. Sci. 80, 164 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. Shashar, P.S. Rutledge, T.W. Cronin, J. Exp. Biol. 199, 2077 (1996)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Wynberg, E.W. Meijer, J.C. Hummelen, H.P.J.M. Dekkers, P.H. Schippers, A.D. Carlson, Nature 286, 641 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Arwin, R. Magnusson, J. Landin, K. Järrendahl, Philos. Mag. 92, 1583 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.A. Noyes, P. Vukusic, I.R. Hooper, Opt. Express 15, 4352 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.E. Seago, P. Brady, J.-P. Vigneron, T.D. Schultz, J.R. Soc, Interface 6, S165 (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. Åkerlind, H. Arwin, T. Hallberg, J. Landin, J. Gustafsson, H. Kariis, K. Järrendahl, Appl. Opt. 54, 6037 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D.J. Brink, J.E. Smit, M.E. Lee, A. Möller, Appl. Opt. 34, 6049 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D.J. Brink, M.E. Lee, Appl. Opt. 35, 1950 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.J. Brink, N.G. van der Berg, L.C. Prinsloo, I.J. Hodgkinson, J. Phys. D. 40, 2189 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    T.-H. Chiou, T.W. Cronin, R.L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, in Polarization Science and Remote Sensing II, Proceedings of SPIE, ed. by J.A. Shaw, J.S. Tyo (SPIE, Bellingham, 2005)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    T.-H. Chiou, L.M. Mäthger, R.T. Hanlon, T.W. Cronin, J. Exp. Biol. 210, 3624 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    L.M. Mäthger, E.J. Denton, J. Exp. Biol. 204, 2103 (2001)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    D.J. Brink, N.G. van der Berg, A.J. Botha, Appl. Opt. 41, 717 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D.J. Brink, N.G. van der Berg, J. Phys. D 38, 338 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    L. Fernández del Río, H. Arwin, J. Landin, R. Magnusson, K. Järrendahl, Image from paper presented at the 7th Workshop Ellipsometry, Leipzig, 5–7 March 2012Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. Robinson, Mol. Cryst. 1, 467 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.D. Pye, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 100, 585 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. Krikken, Zoologische verhandelingen 210, 3 (1984)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    A.B.T. Smith, D.C. Hawkins, J.M. Heraty, Coleopt. Soc. Monogr. 5, 35 (2006)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A.B.T. Smith, Coleopt. Soc. Monogr. 5, 144 (2006)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    B. Walter, Die Oberflächen oder Schillerfarben, Braunschweig (1895)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A.A. Michelson, Philos. Mag. 21, 554 (1911)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    A. Mallock, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. A 85, 598 (1911)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    O.M.F.R.S. Lord Rayleigh, Philos. Mag. Ser. 6 37:217, 98 (1919)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    H. Onslow, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 211, 1 (1923)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    P. Gaubert, C. R. 179, 1148 (1924)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    J.-P. Mathieu, N. Faraggi, C. R. 205, 1378 (1937)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    A.C. Neville, S. Caveney, Biol. Rev. 44, 531 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Y. Bouligand, J. Phys. Colloq. 30, C4 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    A.C. Neville, B.M. Luke, Tissue and Cell 1, 689 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S. Caveney, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 178, 205 (1971)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Y. Bouligand, Tissue and Cell 4, 189 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    A.C. Neville, J. Insect Physiol. 23, 1267 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    A. Parker, D.R. Mckenzie, M.C.J. Large, J. Exp. Biol. 201, 1307 (1998)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    P. Vukusic, Science 325, 398 (2009); E.D. Finlayson, L.T. McDonald, P. Vukusic. J. R. Soc. Interface 14, 20170129 (2017)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    S.A. Jewell, P. Vukusic, N.W. Roberts, New J. Phys. 9, 99 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    V. Sharma, M. Crne, J.O. Park, M. Srinivasarao, Science 325, 449 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    R. Ossikovski, M. Foldyna, C. Fallet, A. De Martino, Opt. Lett. 34, 2426 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    L. De Silva, I. Hodgkinson, P. Murray, Q.H. Wu, M. Arnold, J. Leader, A. McNaughton, Electromagnetics 25, 391 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    T. Lenau, M. Barfoed, Adv. Eng. Math. 10, 299 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Y. Bouligand, C. R. Chim. 11, 281 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    S. Lowrey, L. De Silva, I. Hodgkinson, J. Leader, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2418 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    K. Järrendahl, J. Landin, H. Arwin, Paper presented at the first NanoCharm Workshop on Advanced Polarimetric Instrumentation, Palaiseau, 7–9 December 2009Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    D.H. Goldstein, Appl. Opt. 45, 7944 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    I. Hodgkinson, S. Lowrey, L. Bourke, A. Parker, M.W. McCall, Appl. Opt. 49, 4558 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    L. Fernández del Río, Optical and Structural Characterization of Natural Nanostructures, Doctoral thesis, Linköping University, 2016Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    H. Arwin, T. Berlind, B. Johs, K. Järrendahl, Opt. Express 21, 22645 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    H. Arwin, L. Fernández del Río, K. Järrendahl, Thin Solid Film. 571, 739 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    A. Mendoza-Galván, E. Muñoz-Pineda, K. Järrendahl, H. Arwin, Opt. Mater. Expr. 4, 2484 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    A. Mendoza, K. Järrendahl, H. Arwin, Materials Today (in press)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    A. Mendoza-Galván, L. Fernández del Río, K. Järrendahl, H. Arwin In manuscriptGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    H. Arwin, R. Magnusson, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Fallet, K. Järrendahl, M. Foldyna, A. De Martino, R. Ossikovski, Opt. Express 23, 1951 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    R. Magnusson, H. Arwin, E. Garcia-Caurel, K. Järrendahl, R. Ossikovski, Appl. Opt. 55, (2016)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    H. Arwin, A. Mendoza-Galvan, R. Magnusson, A. Andersson, J. Landin, K. Järrendahl, E. Garcia-Caurel, R. Ossikovski, Opt. Lett. 41, 3293 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    E. Muñoz-Pineda, K. Järrendahl, H. Arwin, A. Mendoza-Galván, Thin Solid Film. 571, 660 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    L. Fernández del Río, H. Arwin, K. Järrendahl, Mater. Today: Proc. 1S, 172 (2014)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    H. Arwin, L. Fernández del Río, C. Åkerlind, S. Valyukh, A. Mendoza-Galván, R. Magnusson, J. Landin, K. Järrendahl, Materials Today (in press)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    H. Arwin, R. Magnusson, L. Fernández del Río, C. Åkerlind, E. Munoz-Pineda, J. Landin, A. Mendoza-Galván, K. Järrendahl, Mater. Today: Proc. 1S, 155 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    H. Arwin, R. Magnusson, L. Fernández del Río, J. Landin, A. Mendoza-Galván, K. Järrendahl, Proceedings of SPIE, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication, 26 March 2015, vol. 9429 (2015), p. 942909Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    S. Valyukh, H. Arwin, K. Järrendahl, Opt. Express 24, 5794 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    S. Valyukh, K. Järrendahl, Appl. Opt. 56, 2510 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    L. Fernandez del Rio, H. Arwin, K. Järrendahl, Thin Solid Film. 571, 410 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    L. Fernandez del Rio, H. Arwin, K. Järrendahl, Phys. Rev. E 94, 012409 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    M. Schubert, Phys. Rev. B 53, 4265 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    E. Garcia-Caurel, R. Ossikovski, M. Foldyna, A. Pierangelo, B. Drevillon, A. DeMartino, Advanced Mueller ellipsometry instrumentation and data analysis, in Ellipsometry at the Nanoscale Chap. 2, ed. by M. Losurdo, K. Hingerl (Springer, Berlin, 2013), pp. 31–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    R.M.A. Azzam, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1756 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    R. Ossikovski, Opt. Lett. 36, 2330 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    S. Berthier, J. Boulenguez, Z. Bálint, Appl. Phys. A 86, 123 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    R. Magnusson, J. Birch, C-L. Hsiao, P. Sandström, H. Arwin, K. Järrendahl, Proceedings of SPIE, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication, 26 March 2015, vol. 9429 (2015), p. 94290AGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    A. Mendoza-Galván, E. Muñoz-Pineda, K. Järrendahl, H. Arwin, Opt. Mater. Expr. 6, 671 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, Chemistry and BiologyLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

Personalised recommendations