Women’s Inputs into Peacemaking and Peacebuilding Processes

Chapter
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 22)

Abstract

The ceasefire agreement signed in August 2006 between the Ugandan government and the Lord’s Resistance Army ended two decades of armed conflict. The efforts of many actors contributed to bringing fighting in northern Uganda to a close. The role of women in conflict resolution is often not publicly recognised or acknowledged, but in northern Uganda women have been important actors in peacemaking as well as peacebuilding processes. They have done so by organizing themselves into a civic force and assuming roles as advocates, negotiators and, most importantly, community peacemakers and peacebuilders. Remarkable contributions made by women to the peace process were during the stalemated Juba peace talks, when they arrived and presented the Peace Torch to representatives in the conflict, who on the occasion shook hands for the first time. Many informal peacebuilding initiatives were created by women that significantly responded to the problems of resettlement and reintegration of ex-combatants and children returning from captivity. This created an enabling environment for sustainable peace at the grass-roots level. Their initiatives and non-violent actions offer lessons for everyone trying to resolve civil conflicts in Africa.

Keywords

Peacemaking Peacebuilding Resettlement Reintegration Gender Mainstreaming Accountability Inclusive Peace Gender Responsive Budget 

References

  1. Ayoo, S., 2009: Women and Peace: Assessing Women’s Participation in the Juba Peace Process from the Lens of UNSCR 1325 (Kampala: Care International).Google Scholar
  2. Behrend, H., 1999: Alice Lakwena and the Holy Spirits: War in Northern Uganda, 1985–1997 (Oxford: James Currey).Google Scholar
  3. Beijing Platform for Action 1995. Para. 144(c); at: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/ (10 September 2009).
  4. Berntsen, T.A., 2010: “Negotiated Identities: The Discourse on the Role of Child Soldiers in the Peace Process in Northern Uganda”, in Mæland, Bård (Ed.): Culture, Religion, and the Reintegration of Female Child Soldiers in Northern Uganda (New York: Peter Lang).Google Scholar
  5. Elliot, A.B., 2013: Post Conflict Reconstruction and Development: The PRDP for Northern Uganda (Knoxville: University of Tennessee, Baker Centre for Public Policy at Trace. Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange).Google Scholar
  6. Finnistrom, S., 1997: “Living with Bad Surroundings: War and Uncertainty in Northern Uganda,” in: Working Papers in Cultural Anthropology, 9 (Sweden: Uppsala University, Department of Cultural Anthropology & Ethnology).Google Scholar
  7. Focus group discussion with women and men (Gulu, 29 August 2009).Google Scholar
  8. Focus group discussion with women and men (Kitgum, 25 June 2010).Google Scholar
  9. Focus group discussion with women (Kitgum, 29 June 2010).Google Scholar
  10. Focus group discussion with women (Pader, 20 July 20 2010).Google Scholar
  11. Gersony, R., 1997: The Anguish of Northern Uganda: Results of Field Based Assessment of the Civil Conflicts in Northern (Kampala: USAID): 20–35.Google Scholar
  12. Interview with Alice Achan, Executive Director of Christian Children Fellowship (Pader, 18 July 2010).Google Scholar
  13. Interview with Christine Nankubugwe, Programme Specialist for Monitoring and Evaluation, UNIFEM (Kampala, 26 July 2010).Google Scholar
  14. Interview with Col. Walter Ochora, Resident District Commissioner (Gulu, 16 January 2010).Google Scholar
  15. Interview with Col. Water Ochora (Gulu, 23 August 2009).Google Scholar
  16. Interview with Geoffrey Okello, Coordination NGO Forum (Gulu, 19 August 2009).Google Scholar
  17. Interview with Gladys Canogura, Chairperson KIWEPI (Kitgum, 29 June 2010).Google Scholar
  18. Interview with Harriet Nabukera, Exchange Programme Coordinator Isis-WICCE (Kampala, 12 August 2009).Google Scholar
  19. Interview with Lucy Amit, Community Development Officer, Gender Mainstreaming (Pader, 18 July 2010).Google Scholar
  20. Interview with Mary Mbuye, Assistant Programme Officer Isis-WICCE (Kampala, 29 September 2009).Google Scholar
  21. Interview with Nobert Mao, Local Council Vice Chairman (Gulu, 11 January 2010).Google Scholar
  22. Interview with Onywa woman activists (Gulu, 23 August 2009).Google Scholar
  23. Interview with Santa Okera, Woman Councillor (Gulu, 21 August 2009).Google Scholar
  24. Nabukera, H., 2009: “Transitional Justice and Gender in Uganda: Making Peace, Failing Women During the Peace Negotiation Process”, in: African Journal on Conflict Resolution, 9,2: 122–125.Google Scholar
  25. Nyeko, B.; Okello, L., 2002: “Profiles of the Parties to the Conflict”, in: Okello, Lucima (Ed.): Protracted Conflict, Elusive Peace, Initiatives to End the Violence in Northern Uganda: Accord: An international Review of Peace initiatives, 11: 16–23.Google Scholar
  26. Odongo, Onyango, 2002: The Rebel War in Northern Uganda (Gulu: Mimeo).Google Scholar
  27. O’Kadameri, B., 2002: “LRA and Government Negotiation 1993–1994”, in: Okello, Lucima (Ed.): Protracted Conflict, Elusive Peace, Initiatives to End the Violence in Northern Uganda: Accord: An International Review of Peace Initiatives, 11: 34–41.Google Scholar
  28. Office of the Prime Minister, GoU (June 2012): PRDP 2 for Northern Uganda: Final Official document retrieved from http://opm.go.ug/northern-uganda-social-action-fund-nusaf-3/.
  29. Oywa, R., 2002: “Women’s Contribution to Peacebuilding in Northern Uganda”, in: Okello, Lucima (Ed.): Protracted Conflict, Elusive Peace, Initiatives to End the Violence in Northern Uganda: Accord: An International Review of Peace Initiatives, 11: 60–61.Google Scholar
  30. Temmerman, E.D., 2001: Aboke Girls: Children Abducted in Northern Uganda (Kampala: Fountain Publishers).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Constituent College of AgricultureGulu UniversityMoroto, KaramojaUganda

Personalised recommendations