Dynamics of Arthropod-Borne Diseases

  • Jerome Goddard
Chapter
Part of the Infectious Disease book series (ID)

Abstract

Transmission of disease agents by arthropods is a complex phenomenon, including relationships among the various arthropod vectors, their pathogens, and their animal hosts. Myriad factors affect the ability of arthropods to acquire, maintain, and ultimately transmit pathogens. This chapter presents an in-depth discussion of the concept of vector competence and the various ways arthropods acquire and transmit disease agents. Mechanical transmission of disease agents occurs when arthropods merely physically transport pathogens from one place or host to another one, while biological transmission is much more complex, occurring when the disease agent undergoes changes in form or multiplies within its arthropod vector.

Keywords

Arthropods Disease transmission Public health Mechanical transmission Biological transmission Vector competence Vectorial capacity Vector-borne disease Malaria Plague Disease cycles 

References

  1. 1.
    Lane RS. Competence of ticks as vectors of microbial agents with an emphasis on Borrelia burgdorferi. In: Sonenshine DE, Mather TN, editors. Ecological dynamics of tick-borne zoonoses. New York: Oxford University Press; 1994. p. 45–67.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McHugh CP. Arthropods: vectors of disease agents. Lab Med. 1994;25:429–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lane RP, Crosskey RW. Medical insects and arachnids. New York: Chapman and Hall; 1996. p. 723.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bressler K, Shelton C. Ear foreign-body removal: a review of 98 consecutive cases. Laryngoscope. 1993;103:367–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kopanic RJ, Sheldon BW, Wright CG. Cockroaches as vectors of Salmonella: laboratory and field trials. J Food Prot. 1994;57:125–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zurek L, Schal C. Evaluation of the German cockroach as a vector for verotoxigenic Escherichia coli F18 in confined swine production. Vet Microbiol. 2004;101:263–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chamberlain RW, Sudia WD. Mechanism of transmission of viruses by mosquitoes. Annu Rev Entomol. 1961;6:371–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harwood RF, James MT. Entomology in human and animal health. 7th ed. New York: Macmillan; 1979. p. 548.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goddard J, de Shazo RD. Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) and clinical consequences of their bites. J Am Med Assoc. 2009;301:1358–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Azad AF, Beard CB. Rickettsial pathogens and their arthropod vectors. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998;4:179–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Burgdorfer W, Brinton LP. Mechanisms of transovarial infection of spotted fever rickettsiae in ticks. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1975;266:61–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Niebylski ML, Peacock MG, Schwan TG. Lethal effect of Rickettsia rickettsii on its tick vector (Dermacentor andersoni). Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:773–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Macaluso KR, Sonenshine DE, Ceraul SM, Azad AF. Rickettsial infection in Dermacentor variabilis inhibits transovarial transmission of a second rickettsia. J Med Entomol. 2002;39:809–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    McHugh CP. Ecology of a semi-isolated population of adult Anopheles freeborni: abundance, trophic status parity, survivorship, gonotrophic cycle length, and host selection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989;41:169–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Porter CH, Collins FH. Susceptibility of Anopheles hermsi to Plasmodium vivax. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1990;42:414–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jensen T, Dritz DA, Fritz GN, Washino RK, Reeves WC. Lake Vera revisited: parity and survival rates of Anopheles punctipennis at the site of a malaria outbreak in the Sierra Nevada foothills of California. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1998;59:591–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gray HF. The confusing epidemiology of malaria in California. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1956;5:411–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gray HF, Fontaine RE. A history of malaria in California. Proc Calif Mosq Control Assoc. 1957;25:1–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerome Goddard
    • 1
  1. 1.Extension Professor of Medical EntomologyMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA

Personalised recommendations