Improved Energy Efficiency and Environmental Safety of Transport Through the Application of Fuel Additives and Alternative Fuels
At the current state of transport industry development and increasing vehicle fleet, an urgent task is to improve the energy efficiency and sustainability of vehicle operation. The impact of automotive transport creates today a situation of unsustainability in metropolitan areas of every part of the world: strong concerns are addressed to emissions of conventional pollutants from energy production and also from specific toxic components.
The aim of this work is to present and discuss opportunities for the improvement of energy efficiency and environmental safety of transport operation with an indication of advantages and potential limits.
Herein is shown that, apart from policy measures for transport planning and technological interventions on engines and the adoption of suitable post-combustion systems, a strategy of individuation of alternative fuels or reformulation of fuels with the introduction of specific improving substances can lead to important advantages aimed at emission limitation.
The proposed method to reduce fuel consumption and to improve the environmental and performance characteristics of vehicle operation through the application of a highly efficient additive is demonstrated. The ultra-low concentrations of the additive enable one to provide unique improvement of the fuel properties that, in turn, increases the energy efficiency of vehicle operation, reduces the emission of toxic pollutants and greenhouse gases, and improves the engine state.
KeywordsModified fuel compositions Multifunctional additive Energy efficiency Environmental safety
The work was supported by Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation, contract № 02.A03.21.0006.
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